The Golden Bough
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The Golden Bough

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Sir James George Frazer (1854-1941) caught the popular imagination with his vast and enterprising comparative study of the beliefs and institutions of mankind, which in its third edition numbered 12 volumes. Reissued here is Frazer's own single-volume abridgement of 1922.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 944 pages
  • 133 x 209 x 43mm | 650g
  • PENGUIN CLASSICS
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • Abridged
  • Abridged
  • 0140189319
  • 9780140189315
  • 145,568

Table of contents

Introduction: Outcast from the Islands: Frazer, The Golden Bough and Modern Anthropology
Preface to the 1922 abridgement


I. The King of the Wood
1. Diana and Virbius
2. Artemis and Hippolytus
3. Recapitulation


II. Priestly Kings


III. Sympathetic Magic
1. The Principles of Magic
2. Homoeopathic or Imitative Magic
3. Contagious Magic
4. The Magician's Progress


IV. Magic and Religion


V. The Magical Control of the Weather
1. The Public Magician
2. The Magical Control of Rain
3. The Magical Control of the Sun
4. The Magical Control of the Wind


VI. Magicians as Kings


VII. Incarnate Human Gods


VIII. Departmental Kings of Nature


IX. The Worship of Trees
1. Tree-spirits
2. Beneficent Powers of Tree-spirits


X. Relics of Tree-worship in Modern Europe


XI. The Influence of the Sexes on Vegetation


XII. The Sacred Marriage
1. Diana as a Goddess of Fertility
2. The Marriage of the Gods


XIII. The Kings of Rome and Alba
1. Numa and Egeria
2. The King as Jupiter


XIV. The Succession to the Kingdom in Ancient Latium


XV. The Worship of the Oak


XVI.Dianus and Diana


XVII. The Burden of Royalty
1. Royal and Priestly Taboos
2. Divorce of the Spiritual from the Temporal Power


XVIII. The Perils of the Soul
1. The Soul as a Mannikin
2. Absence and Recall of the Soul
3. The Soul as a Shadow and a Reflection


XIX. Tabooed Acts
1. Taboos on Intercourse with Strangers
2. Taboos on Eating and Drinking
3. Taboos on Showing the Face
4. Taboos on Quitting the House
5. Taboos on Leaving Food Over


XX. Tabooed Persons
1. Chiefs and Kings Tabooed
2. Mourners Tabooed
3. Women Tabooed at Menstruation and Childbirth
4. Warriors Tabooed
5. Manslayers Tabooed
6. Hunters and Fishers Tabooed


XXI. Tabooed Things
1. The Meaning of Taboo
2. Iron Tabooed
3. Sharp Weapons Tabooed
4. Blood Tabooed
5. The Head Tabooed
6. Hair Tabooed
7. Ceremonies at Hair-cutting
8. Disposal of Cut Hair and Nails
9. Spittle Tabooed
10. Foods Tabooed
11. Knots and Rings Tabooed


XXII. Tabooed Words
1. Personal Names Tabooed
2. Names of Relations Tabooed
3. Names of the Dead Tabooed
4. Names of Kings and Other Sacred Persons Tabooed
5. Names of Gods Tabooed


XXIII. Our Debt to the Savage


XXIV. The Killing of the Divine King
1. The Mortality of the Gods
2. Kings Killed When Their Strength Fails
3. Kings Killed at the End of a Fixed Term


XXV. Temporary Kings


XXVI. Sacrifice of the King's Son


XXVII. Succession to the Soul


XXVIII. The Killing of the Tree-spirit
1. The Whitsuntide Mummers
2. Burying the Carnival
3. Carrying out Death
4. Bringing in Summer
5. Battle of Summer and Winter
6. Death and Resurrection of Kostrubonko
7. Death and Revival of Vegetation
8. Analogous Rites in India
9. The Magic Spring


XXIX. The Myth of Adonis


XXX. Adonis in Syria


XXXI. Adonis in Cyprus


XXXII. The Ritual of Adonis


XXXIII. The Gardens of Adonis


XXXIV. The Myth and Ritual of Attis


XXXV. Attis as a God of Vegetation


XXXVI. Human Representatives of Attis


XXXVII. Oriental Religions in the West


XXXVIII. The Myth of Osiris


XXXIX. The Ritual of Osiris
1. The Popular Rites
2. The Official Rites


XL. The Nature of Osiris
1. Osiris a Corn-god
2. Osiris a Tree-spirit
3. Osiris a God of Fertility
4. Osiris a God of the Dead


XLI. Isis


XLII. Osiris and the Sun


XLIII. Dionysus


XLIV. Demeter and Persephone


XLV. The Corn-mother and the Corn-maiden in Northern Europe


XLVI. The Corn-mother in Many Lands
1. The Corn-mother in America
2. The Rice-mother in the East Indies
3. The Spirit of the Corn Embodied in Human Beings
4. The Double Personification of the Corn as Mother and Daughter


XLVII. Lityerses
1. Songs of the Corn-reapers
2. Killing the Corn-spirit
3. Human Sacrifices for the Crops
4. The Corn-spirit Slain in his Human Representatives


XLVIII. The Corn-spirit as an Animal
1. Animal Embodiments of the Corn-spirit
2. The Corn-spirit as a Wolf or a Dog
3. The Corn-spirit as a Cock
4. The Corn-spirit as a Hare
5. The Corn-spirit as a Cat
6. The Corn-spirit as a Goat
7. The Corn-spirit as a Bull, Cow, or Ox
8. The Corn-spirit as a Horse or Mare
9. The Corn-spirit as a Pig (Boar or Sow)
10. On the Animal Embodiments of the Corn-spirit


XLIX. Ancient Deities of Vegetation as Animals
1. Dionysus, the Goat and the Bull
2. Demeter, the Pig and the Horse
3. Attis, Adonis, and the Pig
4. Osiris, the Pig and the Bull
5. Virbius and the Horse


L. Eating the God
1. The Sacrament of First-fruits
2. Eating the God among the Aztecs
3. Many Manii at Aricia


LI. Homoeopathic Magic of a Flesh Diet


LII. Killing the Divine Animal
1. Killing the Sacred Buzzard
2. Killing the Sacred Ram
3. Killing the Sacred Serpent
4. Killing the Sacred Turtles
5. Killing the Sacred Bear


LIII. The Propitiation of Wild Animals by Hunters


LIV. Types of Animal Sacrament



1. The Egyptian and the Aino Types of Sacrament
2. Processions with Sacred Animals


LV. The Transference of Evil
1. The Transference to Inanimate Objects
2. The Transference to Animals
3. The Transference to Men
4. The Transference of Evil in Europe


LVI. The Public Expulsion of Evils
1. The Omnipresence of Demons
2. The Occasional Expulsion of Evils
3. The Periodic Expulsion of Evils


LVII. Public Scapegoats
1. The Expulsion of Embodied Evils
2. The Occasional Expulsion of Evils in a Material Vehicle
3. The Periodic Expulsion of Evils in a Material Vehicle
4. On Scapegoats in General


LVIII. Human Scapegoats in Classical Antiquity
1. The Human Scapegoat in Ancient Rome
2. The Human Scapegoat in Ancient Greece
3. The Roman Saturnalia


LIX. Killing the God in Mexico


LX. Between Heaven and Earth
1. Not to Touch the Earth
2. Not to See the Sun
3. The Seclusion of Girls at Puberty
4. Reasons for the Seclusion of Girls at Puberty


LXI. The Myth of Balder


LXII. The Fire-festivals of Europe
1. The Fire-festivals in General
2. The Lenten Fires
3. The Easter Fires
4. The Beltane Fires
5. The Midsummer Fires
6. The Hallowe'en Fires
7. The Midwinter Fires
8. The Need-fire


LXIII. The Interpretation of the Fire-festivals
1. On the Fire-festivals in General
2. The Solar Theory of the Fire-festivals
3. The Purifactory Theory of the Fire-festivals


LXIV. The Burning of Human Beings in the Fires
1. The Burning of Effigies in the Fires
2. The Burning of Men and Animals in the Fires


LXV. Balder and the Mistletoe


LXVI. The External Soul in Folk-tales


LXVII. The External Soul in Folk-custom
1. The External Soul in Inanimate Things
2. The External Soul in Plants
3. The External Soul in Animals
4. The Ritual of Death and Resurrection


LXVIII. The Golden Bough


LXIX. Farewell to Nemi


Index
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About James Frazer

Sir James George Frazer (1854-1941) is rightly regarded as one of the founders of modern anthropology. "The Golden Bough", his masterpiece, appeared in twelve volumes between 1890 and 1915
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6,906 ratings
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