Global Projects : Institutional and Political Challenges
As the world's population continues to grow, there is an ever increasing need for huge investment in basic infrastructure: water and sewage, energy production and distribution, transportation and telecommunication. At the same time, infrastructure systems in developed countries are deteriorating and in need of renewal. Today, many of the engineering and economic problems surrounding infrastructure construction projects have been solved, but the threat of social misalignments and political conflicts renders the development and management of such projects more challenging than ever before. This book presents a new theoretical framework that allows us to analyze the institutional and social movement processes, both negative and positive, that surround global infrastructure projects as they confront cross-national and cross-sectoral (such as private-public partnerships) institutional differences. The value of this framework is illustrated through a series of studies on a wide range of infrastructure projects, including roads, railroads, ports, airports, water supply and energy pipelines.
- Electronic book text | 472 pages
- 18 Dec 2011
- CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
- Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
- Cambridge, United Kingdom
- 18 b/w illus. 31 tables
Table of contents
List of figures; List of tables; List of contributors; Preface Ray E. Levitt and Ryan J. Orr; Introduction W. Richard Scott; Part I. Foundational Themes: 1. Global projects: distinguishing features, drivers, and challenges Ryan J. Orr, W. Richard Scott, Raymond E. Levitt, Karlos Artto and Jaakko Kujala; 2. The institutional environment of global projects W. Richard Scott; 3. Social movements and the growth in opposition to global projects Doug McAdam; Part II. Institutional Differences and Global Projects: Empirical Studies: 4. Rules vs. results: sources and resolution of institutional conflicts on Indian Metro Railway projects Ashwin Mahalingam, Raymond E. Levitt and W. Richard Scott; 5. Institutional exceptions on global projects: a process model Ryan J. Orr and W. Richard Scott; 6. Local embeddedness of firms and strategies for dealing with uncertainty in global projects Ryan J. Orr and Raymond E. Levitt; 7. Who needs to know what? Institutional knowledge and global projects Amy Javernick-Will and W. Richard Scott; Part III. Political Conflicts and Global Projects: 8. Site fights: explaining opposition to oil and gas pipeline projects in the developing world Doug McAdam, Hilary Schaffer Boudet, Jenna Davis, Ryan J. Orr, W. Richard Scott and Raymond E. Levitt; 9. To talk or to fight? Effects of strategic, cultural and institutional factors on renegotiation approaches in public-private concessions Henry Chan and Raymond E. Levitt; Part IV. Governance Strategies and Structures: 10. Network-based strategies and competencies for political and social risk management Witold J. Henisz; 11. Organizations enabling public-private partnerships: an organization field approach Stephen F. Jooste and W. Richard Scott; References; Index.
'Project organizations have been around a long time - think of master builders coordinating the work of many trades in the construction of a cathedral. But until the advent of modern communications and transportation, projects were limited geographically and conducted face-to-face. Scott, Levitt, and Orr show us how projects now span space, culture, and political boundaries in the development of megaprojects of vast scale. Global projects greatly increase the possibilities for what engineering can accomplish, but the ensuing social, cultural, and technological complexity creates new challenges as well. A very timely and well researched book.' Nicole Biggart, Chevron Chair in Energy Efficiency and Professor of Management, University of California, Davis 'A major step forward in the understanding of large-scale, multiparty, international projects as a business model and organization form and how these projects interact with the political and institutional contexts within which they are embedded. A must-read for scholars interested in projects as organizations, international business, and the interactions of business with social and political institutions in general. It also provides excellent framing for reflective practitioners engaged in such projects.' Donald Lessard, Epoch Foundation Professor of International Management, MIT Sloan and co-author of Strategic Management of Large Engineering Projects 'This book is a must-read for anyone interested in large global projects, and especially their institutional and political contexts.' Bent Flyvbjerg, BT Professor of Major Programme Management, University of Oxford and principal author of Megaprojects and Risk: An Anatomy of Ambition
About W. Richard Scott
W. Richard Scott is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Sociology with courtesy appointments in the Schools of Business, Education and Medicine at Stanford University. He is also a senior researcher in the Collaboratory for Research on Global Projects (CRGP) at Stanford. Raymond E. Levitt is Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Director of the Collaboratory for Research on Global Projects (CRGP) at Stanford University. Ryan J. Orr teaches project finance and infrastructure investment in the Graduate School of Business and the School of Engineering at Stanford University, where he is also Executive Director at the Collaboratory for Research on Global Projects (CRGP).