Giant Molecules

Giant Molecules : Here, There and Everywhere

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Description

This volume provides a look at the world of polymers, describing the roles they play in our everyday lives and the physics behind them. The book is accompanied by a CD-ROM that provides a graphic simulation of the patterns and behaviour of polymers. The text addresses the nature and role of giant molecules, which are the source for polymer chains. Grosberg explains what giant molecules are, how they are formed, where they are applied, and why they are important in everyday life and in science. A CD-ROM enclosed with the book provides simulation of typical behaviour of polymers and also allows the user to create a broad variety of movies simulating an almost arbitrary polymer system.
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Product details

  • Mixed media product | 300 pages
  • 200.66 x 241.3 x 22.86mm | 861.82g
  • Academic Press Inc
  • San Diego, United States
  • English
  • colour illustrations, figures
  • 0123041309
  • 9780123041302

Table of contents

Introduction: Physics in the World of General Molecules. What Does a Polymer Molecule Look Like? Polymers are Long Molecular Chains. Flexibility Mechanisms. A Portrait of a Polymer Chain. Heteropolymers, Branched and Charged Macromolecules. Ring Macromolecules and Topological Effects. How are Polymers Made? What Kinds of Polymer Substances are There? Traditional States of Matter and Polymers. Possible States of Polymer Substances. Plastics. Polymeric Fibres. Polymeric Liquid Crystals and Superstrong Fibres. Polymer Solutions. Polymer Blends and Block-Copolymers. Ionomers and Associating Polymers. Polymers in Nature: A Few Words About Water and the Love or Fear of It. Head-and-Tail molecules. Molecular Biology and Molecular Architecture. Molecular Machines: Proteins, RNA, and DNA. The Chemical Structure of Proteins, DNA and RNA. Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Structures of Biopolymers. Globular Protein Enzymes. Tertiary Structures of Other Biopolymers. Physics and Biology. The Mathematics of a Simple Polymer Coil: Mathematics in Physics. Analogy Between a Polymer Chain and Brownian Motion. The Size of a Polymer Coil. Derivation of the Square Root Law. Persistent Length and Kuhn Segment. The Density of a Polymer Coil and Concentration Ranges of a Polymer Solution. The Gaussian Distribution. The Physics of High Elasticity: Columbus Discovered ... Natural Rubber. High Elasticity. The Discovery of Vulcanization. Synthetic Rubber. High Elasticity and Stretching of an Individual Polymer Chain. Entropy. Entropic Elasticity of a Polymer Chain. Entropic Elasticity of a Polymer Network. The Guch-Joule Effect and Thermal Phenomena During the Deformation of Rubber. The Problem of Excluded Volume: Linear Memory and Volume Interactions. Excluded Volume-Formulating the Problem. The Density of a Coil and Collisions of Monomer Units. Good and Bad Solvents, and Q Conditions. The Swelling of a Polymer Coil in a Good Solvent. The Excluded Volume Effect in a Semi-Dilute Solution. The Compatibility of Polymer Blends. Coils and Globules: What is a Coil-Globule Transition. The Free Energy of a Globule. The Energy of Monomer Interactions. The Entropy Contribution. The Swelling Coefficient a. The Coil-Globule Transition. Pre-Transitional Swelling. Experimental Observation of the Coil-Globule Transition. Dynamics of the Coil-Globule Transition. Some Generalizations. The Collapse of Polymer Networks. The Globular State of the DNA Double Helix. Globular Structure of Proteins and Conformational Transitions in Globular Proteins. In Vivo, In Vitro, In Virtuo... Dynamics of Polymeric Fluids: Viscosity. Viscoelasticity. The Reptation Model. The Longest Relaxation Time. Young+s Modulus of a Network of Effective Crosslinks. The Tube. The Dependence of the Longest Relaxation Time on the Chain Length. The Viscosity of a Polymer Melt and the Self-Diffusion Coefficient. (Part contents).
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Review quote

"I would recommend this book to anyone with an interest in polymer science, whether established experts or complete newcomers - it really is an excellent starting point for the subject.--Simon Briggs, The University of Newcastle, MOLECULES 1998 "The authors take us through the fundamentals of macromolecules in an intuitive and entertaining way."--Edwin L. Thomas in NATURE"Giant molecules is one of the hottest topics in science today. This book, written by twobrilliant physicists, will guide readers through this new frontier of polymer science while they master the modern concepts behind it. Giant molecules play an increasingly important role in medicine, chemistry, agriculture, and in the pharmaceutical andelectronic industries, and the authors make the topic equally accessible to any curious reader. The authors are skilled story-tellers, which makes this scientifically relevant book entertaining as well as informative. Giant Molecules will be of useto all levels of science enthusiasts who are curious about the newest developments in polymer science. This book is not to be missed!"--TOYOICHI TANAKA, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge"B>Giant Molecules is a beautiful...book on polymer science which is written by two of the leaders in the field who are also tremendously skilled at putting the science in both historical and scientific contexts. The book is actually a marvelous introduction to polymer physics (for people who have had some training in physical science) which is scientifically accurate but can also be read as a wonderfully articulate and amusing history of polymer science. This book must be on the shelf of all polymer scientists and willgo a long way in explaining this sub-discipline to the broad public."--P. PINCUS, University of California, Santa Barbara "The two Russian authors have a talent for writing...in a simple style--avoiding most of the heavy formalism that is beloved in countries of strong mathematical bias such as Russia or France. The final product is accessible for university students andto research engineers. I am convinced that it will play a very useful role in this context."--P.G. de GennesAlexander Yu. Grosberg and Alexei R. Khokhlov, who have made significant contributions to polymer physics, have now added to this distinguished literature in the semipopular book, Giant Molecules: Here, There, and Everywhere...The overall level is suitable for an advanced undergraduate in physics, chemistry or chemical engineering...this book will subvert the view of statistical mechanics as a dry, overly mathematical subject, a view of reinforced by standard textbooks...Practitioners will also find the book stimulating...the book capably fills a void between technical works and the few popularized materials science books. Many future polymer scientists will meet the intellectual love of their lives in its pages.--Thomas Halsey, Exxon Research and Engineering, PHYSICS TODAYIt is nicely written in a lively style, and can easily be read by the scientifically interested senior high-school or undergraduate student. Indeed, everybody who is interested in polymers-of of the most improtant and fast expanding fields in the natural sciences-will find it worthwhile having this book on their shelves...the authors have succeeded in writing an accurate and precise book...This makes it a valuable book forboth the scientifically interested layreader and non-expert student, as awell as, for the experienced scientist, who is so often caught up in the complicated and specialized realm of his or her own research...a must for the shelf of every researcher in the field. They will find it invaluable in helping them to explain complicated situations in simple terms-something that is increasingly important in scientific life.--Kurt Kremer, director of Max-Planck-Institutfur Polymerforschung, PHYSICS WORLDThis is a very "pretty" book, attractively laid out with wide margins and lots of white space..."science for the layman..".--R. Darby, Texas A&M University, CHOICE...a book for the non-expert...nicely written in a lively style, and can easily be read by the scientifically interested senior high-school or undergraduate student...Indeed everyone who is intereseted in polymers...will find it worthwile having this book and CD on their shelves.--Kurt Kremer, PHYSICSWEB
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