German Industrial Education and Its Lessons for the United States

German Industrial Education and Its Lessons for the United States

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1913 edition. Excerpt: ...fact that throughout almost all Germany to-day strong attempts are being made to abolish evening and Sunday instruction in favor of day instruction, even for apprentices at work, indicates that the drawbacks were serious. Many of the Sunday schools gradually differentiated themselves into drawing, trade, commercial, mechanical, and art schools.3 In Prussia the medieval restrictions on trade and industry were abolished and industrial freedom (Gewerbefreiheit) attained in 1810, almost half a century previous to the change in the other German States.4 Apprenticeship declined under industrial freedom and extensive competition, and the need of supplementary means of training was felt. Industrial improvement schools 2 were established, meeting evenings and Sundays at first, and these struggled on until the industrial law of the North German Union in 1869 gave localities the right to require compulsory attendance of all male workmen under 18 years of age.5 In 1874 the final factor of success was added in annual Prussian appropriations and an official statement of principles for the conduct of such schools. i Sadler, M. E., editor: Continuation schools in England and Elsewhere. Manchester, 1907, ch. 8, p. 520. See preface. Spec. con. reps., vol. 33, p. 13. English Bd. of Ednc. Educational Pamphlet No. 18. Compulsory Continuation Schools in Germany 1910, preface. Eng. Bd-Educ. Educ, Pamph, 18, preface, p. 3. The States of central and south Germany, after the establishment of the German nation, felt the need of better cultural and civic training for their masses. They accordingly established general improvement schools, whose sessions were at first on Sunday and in the evenings.1 Bavaria had had improvement schools with compulsory attendance for...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 66 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 4mm | 136g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 123694433X
  • 9781236944337