Geographical Etymology; A Dictionary of Place-Names Giving Their Derivations
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1887 edition. Excerpt: ...a town; e.g. Elloirio, Illora, and Illura (the town on the water, urd); Lorca, anc. Illurcis (the town with fine water); Elibyrge (the town with the tower), Grk. pyrgos; Elchd, anc. Illici (the town on the hill, ci); Illiberus (new town, surnamed Elne after the Empress Helena), in Spain; the isle of Oleron, anc. Illura (the town on the water). IM and IN, a contraction for the Ger. in der (in or on the); e.g. Imgrund (in the valley); Imhorst (in the wood); Eimbeck (on the brook); Imruke (on the ridge). ( an affix used by the Teutonic races, as a patronymic, ING, IN, J m me same sense as Mac is used in Scotland, ap INGA, 1 in Wales, and O in Ireland. Ing is generally affixed to the settlement of a chief, and ingen to that of his descendants. Ing, preceding ham, ton, dean, ley, thorp, worth, etc., is generally an abbreviation of ingen, and denotes that the place belonged to the family of the tribe, as in Bonnington, Collington, Collingham, Islington (the home of the Bonnings, the Collings, and the I slings). In French topography ingen takes the forms of igny, igne," or ingress and it appears, by comparing the names of many towns and villages in England and the north-west of France with those of Germany, that Teutonic tribes forming settlements in these countries transferred the names in their native land to their new homes. For the full elucidation of this subject reference may be made to Taylor's Words and Places, chap. vii. and the Appendix, and to Edmund's Names of Places, p. 58. Only a few examples of the use of this patronymic can be given here; thus, from the Offings--Oving and Ovingham, corresponding to the Ger. Offingen and the Fr. Offignes. From the Eppings--Epping, Ger. Eppinghofen, and Fr. Epagne. The Bings--Bing, Bingham, ...
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