The Gentile Mission in Old Testament Citations in Acts

The Gentile Mission in Old Testament Citations in Acts : Text, Hermeneutic, and Purpose

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Scholarship on the uses of the Old Testament in Luke-Acts has tended to focus upon the role played by the Old Testament in the development of the author's Christology. James Meek, however, draws out the theme of the Gentile mission in Acts as it relates to the Old Testament, and gives particular attention to four texts:13:47 (Isa 49:6); 15:16-18 (Amos 9:11-12); 2:17-21 (Joel 3:1-5 MT); 3:25 (Gen 22:18). The quotations in Acts 13 and 15 receive greater attention because they explicitly address the issue of the Gentile mission (the two earlier texts anticipate it) and because of particular interpretive questions raised by these texts.

Meek argues that while there are similarities in the quotations in Acts with the Old Greek form of the cited texts, the argument never depends on distinctive readings of the Old Greek. He therefore rejects claims that the author's use of Old Testament texts is dependent entirely on the Old Greek. He also maintains that all four quotations are used in a manner consistent with their sense in their original contexts, contrary to the common assertion that the New Testament commonly cites Old Testament texts without regard for original sense or context. His third principal argument is that these Old Testament quotations function as "proof from prophecy," contrary to the argument of some. In particular, they are cited to demonstrate the legitimacy of the Gentile mission as conducted by the early church and of the Gentiles' place among the people of God, showing these ideas to be central to the author's purpose.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 192 pages
  • 156 x 234mm
  • T.& T.Clark Ltd
  • Edinburgh, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 0567690202
  • 9780567690203

Table of contents

1. The Old Testament in Luke-Acts
2. Scripture Summaries and the Old Testament Citations
3. Light to the Nations (Acts 13:47; Isaiah 49:6)
4. Gentiles Called by my Name (Acts 15:16-18; Amos 9:11-12)
5. Anticipations of the Gentile Mission
6. Conclusion
Appendix 1 Scripture Summaries in Luke-Acts
Appendix 2 Explicit Old Testament Citations in Luke-Acts
Appendix 3 Introductory Formulas for Old Testament Citations
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Review quote

"Meek's study is helpful in considering the original context and in what ways that is taken up in Acts. The focus on the use of the OT in Acts for legitimating the Gentile mission is also helpful, and Meek has several good interpretive suggestions." -Kenneth D. Litwak, Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, June 2010 * Journal of the ETS *
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About James A. Meek

James A. Meek is Assistant to the President for Planning and Assessment
at Lock Haven University in Lock Haven, Pennsylvania, USA. Previously
he was Associate Dean for Academics and Assistant Professor of Bible at
Covenant Theological Seminary in St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
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