Genetic Aspects of Plant Mineral Nutrition

Genetic Aspects of Plant Mineral Nutrition

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The genetic work that has been carried out with volume, and especially in Section V 'Germplasm crop plants indicates that many nutritional charac- resources and creation of genotypes for specific teristics are independently inherited and could be environmental including low input systems', is selected for a breeding program. evident. This can be considered as genuine progress This volume presents the proceedings of the in the direction of an effective use of nutrients by 'Third International Symposium on Genetic plants. Aspects of Plant Mineral Nutrition' held in We look forward to more advances in our un- Braunschweig 1988, and demonstrates the wide derstanding of the mechanisms involved in the acceptance that cultivars respond differently to nutrient efficiency of crop plants and in the nutritional and stress factors. An improved re- development and improvement of screening sponse of cultivars to nutrients and stress con- techniques at the Fourth Symposium to be held in ditions is accessible via screening, selection and Australia in 1991. breeding of the available plant genetic resources and will help to reduce the inputs and to protect the N. EI Bassam environment. M.Dambroth The contribution of the plant breeders in this B.
c. Loughman XI N. El Bassam et al. (Eds.), Genetic aspects a/plant mineral nutrition, 1-7. PLSO PN 122 (c) 1990 Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 560 pages
  • 216 x 280 x 31.75mm | 1,689g
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • English
  • 1990 ed.
  • XII, 560 p.
  • 0792307852
  • 9780792307853

Table of contents

Genotypic variation in plant productivity and consequences for breeding of "low input cultivars".- Session 1: Physiological and biochemical mechanisms associated with genetic variation in utilization of a) nitrogen, b) phosphorus and c) other major nutrients.- Factors affecting the nutritional efficiency of plants.- Physiological basis of genotypic plant distinctions in mineral nutrition.- Concentrations of N, P, and K and dry matter mass in maize inbred lines.- Accumulation and translocation of nitrogen in cultivars of winter wheat with different demands for nutrition.- Uptake and partitioning of nitrogen in nitrogenlimited barley: Dependence of age and genotype.- Dry weight production and nitrogen efficiency in cultivars of barley and rye.- Nitrate reductase in sugar beet genotypes supplied with different nitrate levels.- Influence of the nitrogen level on root growth and morphology of two potato varieties differing in nitrogen acquisition.- Phosphorus efficiency and phosphorus remobilization in two sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) cultivars.- Responses to phosphate fertilizers of differing solubilities by white clover cultivars.- Genotypical differences among graminaceous species in release of phytosiderophores and uptake of iron phytosiderophores.- Investigations on the nutrient uptake efficiency of different grape root-stock species and cultivars.- Heritability of root characteristics affecting mineral uptake in tall fescue.- Root traits of maize seedlings - indicators of nitrogen efficiency?.- Varietal differences in root Phosphatase activity as related to the utilization of organic phosphates.- The effect of shoot and root genotype on phosphorus concentrations of shoots and roots.- Carbohydrate status in roots of two soybean cultivars: A possible parameter to explain different efficiencies concerning phosphate uptake.- Properties of potassium uptake by seedling roots of grape cultivars.- Sterol content and efficiency of ion uptake by roots of maize genotypes.- Genetic differentiation in Plantago major L. in growth and P uptake under conditions of P limitation.- Session 2: Genotypic responses to a) water stress, b) salinity and c) acidity and deficiency or excess of elements.- Physiological characteristics responsible for drought resistance in different pea cultivars.- Effects of water deficit on osmotic adjustment, photosynthesis and dry matter production of rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes.- Evalutation of breeding strategies for drought tolerance in potato by means of crop growth simulation.- Influence of genotype and water stress on the uptake of potassium and nitrogen in maize.- Salinity tolerance of different halophyte types.- Physiological differences between barley cultivars under salt stress - xylem exudation and phloem flow of different cations.- Sodium exclusion mechanisms at the root surface of two maize cultivars.- Cation accumulation related to adaptation of maize populations to salinity.- Interaction between nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers and soil salinity and its effect on growth and ionic composition of corn (Zea mays L.).- Genetic aspects of aluminum tolerance in sorghum.- Influence of salt stress on primary metabolism of Zea mays L. seedlings of model genotypes.- Genetic control of aluminium tolerance in sorghum.- Genetics of tolerance to aluminium in wheat (Triticum aestivum L. Thell).- The uptake of trace elements by spinach and bean varieties of different root parameters.- Manganese toxicity in sunflower lines.- Electrophysiological membrane characteristics of the salt tolerant Plantago maritima and the salt sensitive Plantago media.- Genotypic differences in boron accumulation in barley: Relative susceptibilities to boron deficiency and toxicity.- Behaviour of different wheat genotypes under various irrigation conditions in semi-arid tropics of Haryana, India.- Iron tolerance of rice cultivars.- Relationship between metolachlor sensitivity and Mn toxicity tolerance in sorghum cultivars.- Genetic studies on the acidification capacity of sunflower roots induced under iron stress.- Screening for manganese efficiency in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.).- Session 3: Screening techniques for detection of nutritional deficiencies and abiotic stress under genetic control.- Screening techniques for plant nutrient efficiency: Philosophy and methods.- Biochemical techniques for genotype characterization.- Comparison of nitrogen utilization of diploid and tetraploid perennial ryegrass genotypes using a hydroponic system.- Actual cytokinin concentrations in plant tissue as an indicator for salt resistance in cereals.- A procedure for quick screening of wheat cultivars for salt tolerance.- A method for investigating the influence of soil water potential on yield and water use efficiency of spring wheat cultivars.- Water potential as a selection criterium for drought tolerance by different durum wheat genotypes.- Application of in vitro techniques for screening plant genetic variability.- Screening pasture plants for aluminium tolerance.- Screening soybean for aluminium tolerance and adaptation to acid soils.- Selection parameters for assessing the tolerance of wheat to high concentrations of boron.- Session 4: Genetic variation in symbiotic systems.- Variability of molecular nitrogen fixation and its dependence on plant genotype and diazotroph strains.- Iron deficiency in chickpea in the Mediterranean region and its control through resistant genotypes and nutrient application.- N2 fixation by R. japonicum strains during vegetation of different soybean cultivars.- Differences between cereal crop cultivars in root-associated nitrogen fixation, possible causes of variable yield response to seed inoculation.- Genetical analysis of the efficiency of VA mycorrhiza with spring wheat. I. Genotypical differences and a reciprocal cross between an efficient and non-efficient variety.- Improved growth of Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. in an unsterile tropical soil by three mycorrhizal fungi.- Control of Mn status and infection rate by genotype of both host and pathogen in the wheat take-all interaction.- Session 5: Germplasm resources and creation of genotypes for specific environmental including low input systems.- Genetic resources for optimal input technology - ICARDA's perspectives.- Physiological basis of differential response to salinity in rice cultivars.- A method to estimate the prospect of specific breeding for nutrient efficiency.- Grain yield and quality characters of genotypes in F5-generation under low and high nitrogen input.- Performance of winter wheat cultivars under reduced nitrogen conditions.- Suitability of varieties of winter wheat in low external input systems in West Germany.- Comparison between land races and high yielding cultivars of winter wheat in extensive, integrated and intensive farming over several years.- Breeding wheat (Triticum aestivum) for aluminium toxicity tolerance at CIMMYT.- Buckwheat - A low input plant.- Phosphorus: A limiting nutrient in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) production in Latin America and field screening for efficiency and response.- Screening of rices for adverse soil tolerance.- Genetic diversity for nutrient use efficiency in cultivars and exotic germplasm lines of alfalfa.- Breeding for low level acid soil tolerance as a component of overall acid soil field tolerance in sorghum.- A programme to breed a cultivar of Trifolium repens L. for more efficient use of phosphate.- Response to phosphorus of a world collection of white clover cultivars.
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Review quote

' .....the book is very useful and provides good documentation of a comparatively new field. ' Plant Breeding 107 1991
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