The Gardens of William and Mary

The Gardens of William and Mary

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The publication of this book marks the tercentenary of the revolution which swept King James VII and II off the thrones of Scotland and England and saw his sister Mary and her Dutch husband, William of Orange appointed co-monarchs in his stead. The introduction of the formal garden into England is, here, attributed to them, and the purpose of this volume is to celebrate the gardens of William and Mary both in Britain and in Holland. The work covers the history of the Dutch garden, describing some of the greatest gardens, and discusses the construction and design of the gardens, looking at the plants used in the light of the Dutch and British maritime trade and the growth of plant hunting. The contributors are from Britain and Holland.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 240 pages
  • 213.36 x 276.86 x 25.4mm | 1,133.98g
  • Batsford Ltd
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • colour and b&w illustrations, sources and reference works, index
  • 0747016089
  • 9780747016083

Table of contents

Part 1 The gardens: the Dutch classical garden - the House of Orange, the Princess's garden and Maurits's garden, interchange with French garden design, Dutch classicism; British gardens following the Restoration, including the Restoration of 1660, St James's, Hampton Court and Greenwich, the Brompton Park partnership; the Dutch Court of William III of Orange, including William's early garden improvements, Mary and Honselaarsdijk, emulating France - Clingendaal, the hunting seat at Het Loo, residence of the King of Great Britain, Zeist, Heemstede and Rozendaal, De Voorst and Middachten; the British gardens of William and Mary, including the royal gardens administration, Hampton Court, Kensington Gardens, the state of the royal gardens in 1696, following the Peace of Ryswijk, finishing Hampton Court, at William's death; perspectives on the Dutch garden, including Celia Fiennes and other observers of English gardens, the topographical artists, Dutch garden style of William's time, Dutch gardens in Britain, the reputation of the Dutch garden - Addison to arts and crafts. Part 2 A tour of the garden: the approach - the axial approach, grid planting, the extended axis, "repousse" ironwork, avenue trees; the parterre - "parterres de broderie" and "parterres de compartiment", "parterres a l'Angloise", "parterres de piece coupees pour les fleurs", "parterres d'orangerie", fountains and statues, trellis and arbours, pavilions, grottoes; waterworks and waterways - still water canals, pools, rockwork and cascades, "jets d'eau", pipework and stopcocks, pumps, hydraulic devices, the waterworks at Het Loo; the bosquet and wilderness - forests and great woods of tall trees, groves opened in compartments, open groves, groves of a middle height with tall hedges, wilderness of fruit trees, woods of evergreens, coppice woods, hardy trees and shrubs available, mazes; exotics, including early introductions, dissemination, hothouses; the flower garden, including tulipomania and the Dutch trade in bulbs, florist and other flowers, what the gardens looked like; the kitchen garden and orchard, including the gardener's year, vegetables, orchards, dwarfs, heat, the hotbed, the pineapple, layout of the kitchen garden and orchard, a modest country house garden. Appendices: the common lime; trees and shrubsd for the bosquet and wilderness; selected list of exotics imported to The Netherlands between 1675 and 1700. (Part contents)
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