Functional Nanostructures and Sensors for CBRN Defence and Environmental Safety and Security

Functional Nanostructures and Sensors for CBRN Defence and Environmental Safety and Security

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Over the last decade, techniques for materials preparation and processing at nanometer scale have advanced rapidly, leading to the introduction of novel principles for a new generation of sensors and detectors. At the same time, the chemical industry, transport and agriculture produce huge amounts of dangerous waste gases and liquids, leading to soil, air and water contamination. One more modern threat - international terrorism - demands that scientists make efforts to apply new principles and technologies to protect society against chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) attacks and to develop novel effective technologies for the remediation of large contaminated areas.

Accordingly, the main goal of this book is to bring together experts (theorists, experimentalists, engineers and technologists) for an extensive discussion covering: novel principles for functional nanostructures and detector fabrication and implementation, the development of novel technologies for the deactivation of CBRN agents, their experimental realization and their application in novel monitoring and control systems, and technological processes for soil and water remediation, with a view to environmental protection and defence against CBRN-based terrorism.

In keeping with the book's main goal, the following topics are highlighted and discussed:

- Sensors and detectors - detection of chemicals, principles of "artificial nose" and chemical "micro-lab on a chip" design, surface and underground water quality monitoring systems, molecular electronics, superconducting electronic devices, quantum detectors and Qubits.

- Environmental protection and CBRN - detection of infrared, microwave, X-ray and terahertz radiation. Principles for novel IR-, UV-, and Terahertz-wave devices for the detection of low-contrast objects.

- Novel technological processes for CBRN destruction and deactivation.

All these topics are strongly interrelated, both with regard to fundamental aspects and to fabrication and implementation technologies; in addition, they are highly promising for application in novel functional devices, computer logics, sensing and detection of low-concentration chemicals, weak and extremely weak magnetic and microwave fields, infrared and ultraviolet radiation. Given its scope, the book will be a useful and interesting guide for a broad readership of engineers, scientists, PhD students and experts in the area of defence against environmental terrorism.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 320 pages
  • 155 x 235 x 17.78mm | 510g
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • English
  • 1st ed. 2020
  • 130 Illustrations, color; 73 Illustrations, black and white; XI, 320 p. 203 illus., 130 illus. in color.
  • 940241911X
  • 9789402419115

Table of contents

Printing as a technique for sensors with integrated electronics; T. Theres Baby et al.- Development of policy and strategy of the nanomaterials for environmental safety/security by radioactive/nuclear agents at critical infrastructure facilities in Albania; L. Qafmolla.- Boron10 isotope based neutron radiation semiconductor sensors; P.J. Kervalishvili.- Transmission of two measuring signals by an invariant property of three wire communication lines; A. Penin, A. Sidorenko.- IR-sensors and detectors of irradiation based on metal foils; B.B. Banduryan et al.- Magnetoelectric effect driven by reversible surface chemistry and bulk ion-exchange; A. Molinari et al.- Antiferromagnetic-to-ferromagnetic transition in FeRh thin films with strain induced nanostructure; R. Witte et al.- Thermally and stress induced phase transformations and reversibility in shape memory alloys; O. Adiguzel.- The toxic effect of trifluralin on soil microorganisms in the presence of Fe0 /PVP nanoparticles; A. Sidorenko et al.- Management of ransomware detection and prevention in multilevel environmental monitoring information system; G. Margarov, E. Mitrofanova.- Organization of assistance to victims of a thermal trauma during the pre-hospital and hospital stages in the event of a terrorist attack; V. Nagaichuk et al.- Frequency transducers of gas concentration based on transistor structures with negative differential resistance; A.V. Osadchuk, V.S. Osadchuk.- Chemical and biological defense in the south-eastern european countries; L.D. Galatchi.- Smart surface with ferromagnetic properties for eco- and bioanalytics; M. Pajewska et al.- Planning For Groundwater Protection: monitoring Systems & Data Requirements; K.A. Papatheodorou.- The synergy between cyber and nuclear security. Case study of Moldova; Au. Buzdugan, A. Buzdugan.- Microbially-mediated decontamination of CBRN agents on land and infrastructure using biocementation; V. Ivanov and V. Stabnikov.- Point-contact sensors as an innovative tool in defense against chemical agents, environment and health risks: a review; G.V. Kamarchuk et al.- New method of optical spectroscopy for environmental protection and safety; S. Khudaverdyan et al.- Smart and connected sensors network for water contamination monitoring and situational awareness; A. Vaseashta et al.
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