Excerpt from Fun and Farming for Little Lads
Hese lessons depend so entirely for pleasure and profit on the tact and ability of the teacher, that a few suggestions for interesting the scholars mav not be out of place.
They Should be encouraged to examine the tools and note their peculiarities; to see the differences between a spade and a shovel, the purpose of having one horn of a pickaxe sharper than the other, the advantage of keeping a hoe sharpened for weeding, and the advisability of put ting tools away clean and ready for use.
It will add greatly to the interest if a box of earth can be used in the class-room to illustrate the methods of planting, and specimens of the different seeds be handed about for examination. The starting point of the root should be shown and the children told that if it is buried wrong side up the poor little seed has to twist and turn and some times gets too tired ever to find its way up to the sunlight. All children delight in knowing why, and rarely forget a fact which has been given them with a reason attached.
AS an introduction to the lesson on the horse, stories illustrating the sagacity and nobility of the animal will surely be appreciated. With the long answer to the fifteenth question What points must a good horse have - reasons why these points are considered good should be given. For instance, that the small head and thin neck answer the same purpose as thesharp prow of a ship; full eyes imply good vision; deep chest, good breathing power; high withers, good action. The withers are formed by the rounding of the back above the Shoulder. It is from this point to the ground that the height of a horse is measured in hands, i. A, four inches, or the average width of a man's hand across the knuckles. The advantage of high withers is found in the larger surface they afford for the attachment of the muscles of the back and shoulders. Short back. Broad haunches and straight legs all imply strength and endurance. Flat knees mean that there is sufficient bone surface for the attachment of the strong leg muscles, which make the horse sure-footed; and that round feet are less subject to disease and injury, as there is plenty of tough hoof to protect the tender frog or quick.
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