Frontiers of Life, Four-Volume Set

Frontiers of Life, Four-Volume Set

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Description

Frontiers of Life addresses fields of biology in terms of their frontiers--that is, the areas that will demand the most work in this new century. Because of their standing, the editors have been able to unite the most prestigious and well-informed authorities to place recent scientific advances into the context of their effects on daily human experiences and expectations. They ask, "What frontiers of the biological sciences will constitute the challenges of the next century?" Their first answer is an understanding of the processes and mechanisms that led to the origin of life. They take this answer as the starting point of the first section of the Encyclopedia. They thus proceed throughout the four volumes.
Separating this Encyclopedia form others is its multidisciplinary approach to the "frontiers" theme. While other encyclopedias strive to describe the past and present states of many subjects, Frontiers of Life offers the insights of world-class scientists into their subjects' growth areas.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 3230 pages
  • 222 x 280 x 164mm | 8,659.87g
  • Academic Press Inc
  • San Diego, United States
  • English
  • 0120773406
  • 9780120773404

Review quote

"...The distinctive excellence of this work is found in the extraordinary high quality, readability, and wide-ranging sophistication of the individual articles, which despite the time lag in publication, will motivate well-prepared students to a wider exploration of fascinating subjects... Recommended enthusiastically to graduate or upper-division undergraduate collections." CHOICE

"..a magnificent four-volume encyclopedia of the life sciences..." American Reference Books Annual
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About Renato Dulbecco

Microbiologist, educator. Gairdner Foundation Annual Award, 1975; US Steel Award in Molecular Biology, 1974. Nobel Prize for Medicine, 1975. Dr. Renato Dulbecco is President Emeritus and Distinguished Resident Professor at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California. Known for his pioneering work in cancer-causing viruses, Dulbecco was awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine/physiology in 1975. At the beginning of his career, Dulbecco devoted his work to the study of virology. During his early research, he developed what continues to be the most widely used technique for growing and maintaining cells in culture and for measuring the activity of animal viruses, such as poliovirus. Subsequently, Dulbecco, working with cancer-producing viruses, was able to show how genes of the virus interact with those of the host cell in tissue culture, which was a fundamental discovery in understanding the uncontrolled proliferation of cells in the cancer process. Dulbecco was born and educated in Italy, and he received his doctorate of medicine from the University Turin in 1936. He joined the Salk Institute as one of the original group of Fellows in 1963 and was associated with the Institute until 1972. From 1972 through 1977, Dulbecco was Deputy Director of the Imperial Cancer Research Laboratory in London. Since rejoining the Salk Institute in 1977, he has held the position of Distinguished Research Professor and Senior Clayton Foundation Investigator. In 1988 he was named President of the Salk Institute. Dulbecco's more recent research has involved the study of the origin of breast cancer. He has studied the various cell types that comprise breast tissue, a necessary first step in the process of understanding how some cells undergo transformation and become malignant. Dulbecco has used monoclonal antibody techniques to study breast cancer in laboratory animals and in humans, with the objective of developing new and reliable means of classifying cells in the breast, and identifying those that may be susceptible to carcinogenic agents. Some of the antibodies he produced have been studied for clinical Professor of genetics, member of the Academie des Sciences, 1977, foreign member of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, 1962, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1964, Royal Society, London, 1973. Prix Charles Leopold Mayer, Academie des Sciences, 1962. Nobel Prize for Medicine, 1965. Director of the Institute of Cell Biology of the Italian National Council of Research, 1969-1978. Nobel Prize for Medicine, 1986.
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Table of contents

Volume 1: THE ORIGINS OF LIFE

Part One: ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF LIFE

Cosmology
The Physical and Chemical Basis of Life
The Origin of Life
Selection and Evolution
The Molecules of Inheritance: DNA and RNA
Human Origin and Evolution
The Organisms Construction

Part Two: THE GENETIC CODE

Organization of Language and Genetical Information
Mechanisms of Genetical Expression
Programs of Genetic Expression
Genes and Evolution
Manipulations and Genetic Errors


Volume 2: CELLS AND ORGANISMS

Part One: CELLS AND CELL COMMUNITIES

The Cell Construction
Communication Among Cells
Normal and Altered Cell Homeostasis
Formation of Organs and Tissues

Part Two: THE IMMUNOLOGICAL SYSTEMS

Conceptual and Experimental Milestones in Immunology
Lymphocyte Development
Structure and Function of Antigen Receptors
The Generation of Diversity
The Cell Biology of Antigen Presentation
Signal Transduction and Cell Fate Decision in the Immune System
Lymphocyte Selection by Antigen
Molecular Circuits of Leukocytic Recruiting Regulation
Antigen Presentation In Vivo
Cell to Cell Interactions in the Immune System
Immunological Memory
Cytokine, Chemokine and Relations Between
How Parasites Subvert the Immune Surveillance
Computer Modelling in Immunology
Transgenic and Knock-out Mice as Models of Immune Deficiency
Immunology to the Bedside-immunotechnology
Vaccination
How Viruses Elude the Immune System

Volume 3: THE INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS

Part One: THE BRAIN OF HOMO SAPIENS

Introduction
From Lucy to Homo Sapiens
The Neural Communication Code
The Modular Organization of the Neocortex
Structural and Functional Basis of Learning and Memory Processes
Genes and Behavior
The Control of Movement
Vision and Selective Attention
Emotions
The Human Language
Thought and Self-consciousness

Part Two: BUILDING BLOCKS FOR INTELLINGENCE SYSTEMS

History and Methodology
The Global Approach
Brain Components as Elements of Intelligent Function
Implementations of Neural Devices for Parallel Distributive Processing
Information Flow In and Out of Neural Systems
Model Neural Networks for Computation and Learning

Volume 4: THE LIVING WORLD

Part One: BIOLOGY OF BEHAVIOR

The History of Animal Behavior Study
Comparative Methods in the Study of Behavior
Biological Clocks
Foraging
Animal Navigation
Ontogeny of Learning
Biological Variation of Cognition and Learning
Hormones and Behavior
Representation of Time
Song Learning
Social Play in Mammals
Social Learning and Imitation
Cooperation
Stress and Coping
Conflict Resolution in Primates
Tool Use in Monkeys and Apes
Animal Welfare
Emotional States and Immune System
Aggression
Functional Rules for Decision Making
Bird Migration
Spatial Representation
Behavior-Genetic Analysis
Ethology
Psychology and the Social Sciences
Imprinting
Sperm Competition
Breeding Systems
Parenting
Life Histories
Sexual Selection
Wasps as Models in the Evolutionary Study of Insect Societies

Part Two: DISCOVERY AND SPOLIATION OF THE BIOSPHERE

The Unity of Organisms and Environment
The Functioning Ecosystem
Interactions Man-Environment
Man in the Endangered Life-Support Systems
Searching for a Road to Survival

Part Three: BIOETHICS

Bioethics: History and Definitions
The Body and the Market
Organ Transplants
Genetic Information
Genetic Screening
Humane Genome Research
Genetic Counseling
The Informed Consent
A Comparative Overview of Medically Assisted Procreation
Embryo Research
Gene Therapy
The End of Life
Ethics and Ecology
Genetically Modified Organisms
Patenting of Life
The Moral Consideration of Non-Human Beings
The Allocation of Resources
The Public Perception of Biotechnology
The Role of Public Powers
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