From Schola to Cathedral; A Study of Early Christian Architecture and Its Relation to the Life of the Church

From Schola to Cathedral; A Study of Early Christian Architecture and Its Relation to the Life of the Church

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1886 edition. Excerpt: ... II Pantheon, etc., prima Eelazione a sua Eccellenza il Ministro delta Istruzione Pubblica, p. 4. Sig. Lanciani is of opinion that the Pantheon was never an apartment of the Thermro of Agrippa, but, from its first origin, a temple. a Let Edifices Antiques de Rome dessine's et mesures Ires exactement, Paris, 1682. 3 Edifizi, ii. tav. 67-74. Les Edifices CirctUaires et let Domes, Paris, 1855, pi. G. 6 Dictionnaire, art. 'Voute.' 6 History of A rchitecture, i. p. 311. 'Ciro Nispi-Landi, Marco Agrippa e i suoi Tempi, le Terme ed il Pantheon, lloma, 1883. (An unscientific work.) USE OK THE DOME BY THE ROMAN'S. 145 of our era. The most constant use of this architectural form by the Romans was in connection with their great bathing establishments. Circular buildings covered with cupolas are included in the normal Thermae described by Vitruvius,1 and we find them occupying in the Thermae of Caracalla and Diocletian the place held by the Pantheon in relation to those of M. Agrippa. One important building of this kind is known by the erroneous name of the ' temple of Minerva Medica.' Another class of buildings constructed by Roman architects with domes are tomb-monuments. For these the circular form was traditional, and well-known examples are the tombs of Caecilia Metella and Hadrian. When the dome came into use, to employ it for the covering of such structures was a natural step. Circular temples were also traditional at Rome, and Vitruvius describes them among the normal forms of his day.2 The temple of Vesta, goddess of the hearth, was always round, and it has been suggested that the origin of it is to be found in the circular huts of the herdsmen who settled in primitive days upon the seven hills.3 Later on, in the time of the Empire, more

Product details

  • Paperback | 90 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 5mm | 177g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236905113
  • 9781236905116