From Royal to National

From Royal to National : The Louvre Museum and the Bibliotheque Nationale

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Royal collections of artworks, books, and manuscripts were transformed into national institutions following the French Revolution in 1789 to serve as visible symbols of the new republic. Scholars, specialists, government officials, and patriots faced vandalism, war, and the Terror to establish great national institutions accessible to the public - the Louvre and the Bibliotheque Nationale - living monuments of French patrimony.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 110 pages
  • 147.3 x 223.5 x 12.7mm | 181.44g
  • Lexington Books
  • Lanham, MD, United States
  • English
  • 0739118617
  • 9780739118610

About Bette W. Oliver

Bette W. Oliver is an independent scholar living in Austin, Texas. She holds a PhD from the University of Texas at Austin.show more

Table of contents

Chapter 1 Introduction. Importance of collections in museums and libraries in the late 18th century and today; purposes and uses; access; symbolic and propaganda value Chapter 2 France in the 1780s, events leading up to the Revolution of 1789; history of access to libraries and museums under the Ancien Regime; patrons, dealers, artists, writers, scholars Chapter 3 1789-1792, the moderate revolution; transformation from royal into national institutions; early efforts at museum management; efforts of Minister of the Interior Roland; influence of David; personnel changes in cultural institutions; confiscation of emigr Chapter 4 1793-1795, the terror and its results; conditions in the Louvre and the B.N.; protecting treasures; opening of Louvre in 1793; restoration efforts; literary and art depots; national festivals propaganda Chapter 5 1795-1815, confiscating riches in foreign lands, convoys to Paris; exhibitions, catalogues; regorganization of library and museum, enlargements under Napoleon; recovering from 26 years of revolution and war Chapter 6 Modern parallels, World War II and Nazi confiscation of art works from France; symbolic value of transporting art works to Germany for Hitler's planned museum; Allied repatriation of art works after World War II Chapter 7 Conclusion. The Louvre and the B.N. today; ongoing changes and enlargement; legacy of the Revolutionary periodshow more

Review quote

Throughout the text, Oliver moves fluidly between providing a detailed...historical overview of major political events. H-France Review, September 2008 By juxtaposing the historical trajectories of the Louvre and the Biblotheque nationale, Bette Oliver makes a unique contribution to the study of French culture from 1789 to 1815. In this slim volume she offers a fascinating presentation of the events and individuals responsible for transforming two royal collections in public institutions that have become enduring symbols of France. Information & Cultureshow more

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