Freedom by Degrees : Emancipation in Eighteenth-Century Pennsylvania and its Aftermath
During the revolutionary era, in the midst of the struggle for liberty from Great Britain, Americans up and down the Atlantic seaboard confronted the injustice of holding slaves. Lawmakers debated abolition, masters considered freeing their slaves, and slaves emancipated themselves by running away. But by 1800, of states south of New England, only Pennsylvania had extricated itself from slavery, the triumph, historians have argued, of Quaker moralism and the philosophy of natural rights. With exhaustive research of individual acts of freedom, slave escapes, legislative action, and anti-slavery appeals, Nash and Soderlund penetrate beneath such broad generalizations and find a more complicated process at work. Defiant runaway slaves joined Quaker abolitionists like Anthony Benezet and members of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society to end slavery and slave owners shrewdly calculated how to remove themselves from a morally bankrupt institution without suffering financial loss by freeing slaves as indentured servants, laborers, and cottagers.
- Hardback | 266 pages
- 149.4 x 238.3 x 22.9mm | 502.62g
- 25 Apr 1991
- Oxford University Press Inc
- New York, United States
- halftones, tables
Deserving of a prominent place beside the best of the southern volumes. Freedom By Degrees, based on a motherlode of documentation including probate and manumission records, abolitionist society papers, and runaway slave literature, masterfully delineates the forces that brought aout the gradual death of slavery in Pennsylvania and the subsequent transition to a semi-free black labor system....Cogent and sophisticated analysis. * Georgia Historical Quarterly *
Back cover copy
With exhaustive research of individual acts of freedom--such as suicide and slave escapes, legislative action, and antislavery appeals--Nash and Soderlund penetrate beneath such broad generalizations and find a more complicated process at work. Freedom by Degrees shows that the cessation of slavery in Pennsylvania was due not only to ideological commitment, but to economic viability for the masters and efforts on the part of the slaves as well.