Forging Democracy: The Left and the Struggle for Democracy in Europe, 1850-2000

Forging Democracy: The Left and the Struggle for Democracy in Europe, 1850-2000

3.94 (35 ratings by Goodreads)
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Democracy in Europe has been a recent phenomenon. Only in the wake of World War II were democratic frameworks secured, and, even then, it was decades before democracy truly blanketed the continent. Neither given nor granted, democracy requires conflict, often violent confrontations, and challenges to the established political order. In Europe, Geoff Eley convincingly shows, democracy did not evolve organically out of a natural consensus, the achievement of prosperity, or the negative cement of the Cold War. Rather, it was painstakingly crafted, continually expanded, and doggedly defended by varying constellations of socialist, feminist, Communist, and other radical movements that originally blossomed in the later nineteenth century. Parties of the Left championed democracy in the revolutionary crisis after World War I, salvaged it against the threat of fascism, and renewed its growth after 1945. They organised civil societies rooted in egalitarian ideals which came to form the very fibre of Europe's current democratic traditions. The trajectories of European democracy and the history of the European Left are thus inextricably bound together. Geoff Eley has given us the first truly comprehensive history of the European Left-its successes and failures; its high watermarks and its low tides; its accomplishments, insufficiencies, and excesses; and, most importantly, its formative, lasting influence on the European political landscape. At a time when the Left's influence and legitimacy are frequently called into question, Forging Democracy passionately upholds its vital contribution.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 720 pages
  • 157.48 x 233.68 x 40.64mm | 975.22g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • New.
  • 0195044797
  • 9780195044799
  • 704,196

Review quote

Optimistic reading * Dick Howard, Washington Post *show more

About Geoff Eley

Geoff Eley is Professor of History at the University of Michigan. He is the author and editor of many books on British and German history, including Reshaping the German Right: Radical Nationalism and Political Change after Bismarck.show more

Table of contents

AND THE PEOPLE ; PART ONE: MAKING DEMOCRACY SOCIAL: PREPARING THE FUTURE ; CLASS ; HISTORY ; PART TWO: REVOLUTIONARY EUROPE, 1914-1923 ; THE LEFT, 1914-17 ; 1917-23 ; PART THREE: STABILISATION AND THE "WAR OF POSITION" ; DEMOCRACY ; COUNTRY ; RETREAT ; NATION, 1939-47 ; THE COLD WAR, 1945-56 ; PART FOUR: FUTURE IMPERFECT ; DEMOCRACY ; 1989show more

Rating details

35 ratings
3.94 out of 5 stars
5 34% (12)
4 40% (14)
3 14% (5)
2 9% (3)
1 3% (1)
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