Field Operations of the Bureau of Soils Volume 7

Field Operations of the Bureau of Soils Volume 7

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1907 edition. Excerpt: ...but ordinarily ditching would be sufficient. The Lufkin clay has been derived from the underlying clays. Kennedy considered these clays as lacustrine in origin, probably representing old lake beds, which at a still earlier time formed a part of the bed of some river. Some small areas of this soil on the rolling prairies have had the surface soil removed by erosion, and here the productiveness of the soil is greatly impaired. These eroded spots are termed "putty land." A large proportion of the type is not in cultivation, but is covered with a heavy growth of post oak, interspersed with small pine and in the lower places some pin oak. On account of the poorly drained condition of the Lufkin clay it was for a long time considered almost worthless agriculturally, but in recent years the true value of the soil and its natural productiveness have begun to be appreciated. When first cleared it is in a sour and cold condition, but after two or three years of cultivation it produces quite well, the improvement being mainly due to the aeration of the soil effected through the removal of the excess of water. It has been found that this soil, like the Susquehanna clay, will produce some cotton in spite of the boll weevil, which is explained by the lack of protection afforded the insects on account of the small growth of the cotton stalk and by the compact condition of the soil. The principal crops grown are cotton and corn, with some oats. In good seasons cotton yields one-half to three-fourths bale, corn from 20 to 30 bushels per acre, and oats in proportion. Peaches, small fruits, and vegetables do fairly well on this soil, but it is not best adapted to these crops. Much of this type is far from the railroad. It is valued at $3 to $10 an...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 432 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 22mm | 767g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236990889
  • 9781236990884