Field Operations of the Bureau of Soils Volume 6

Field Operations of the Bureau of Soils Volume 6

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1905 edition. Excerpt: ... type materially. Where the cherty fragments do occur in sufficient quantity to influence the character of the soil such areas have been mapped as the Fort Payne stony loam. The underlying rock is more or less siliceous, and the result of weathering has been the formation of stiff clay, upon which has been concentrated the fine siliceous matter forming the more sandy covering, or soil. The productiveness of the Fort Payne loam varies greatly over the area. In general it has been cropped continuously and poorly farmed, with the result that its productive power has decreased. Wheat yields on an average about 8 bushels to the acre, although much higher yields are reported. On some of the better farms it will produce as much as 20 to 25 bushels, such yields being secured on the more loamy and heavier phases of the type. In general it is not regarded so highly for wheat as the soils derived from the shales. Corn does fairly well, and seems to be a surer crop than wheat, producing from 20 to 40 bushels per acre, especially on the lower slopes in the small valleys, where there is a greater accumulation of soil. Oats are grown, but not in great quantities, and are fed to the stock in the sheaf. Small quantities of rye are grown. Clovers and grasses do fairly well, particularly upon the improved lands. In some sections on the larger farms large areas are in grasses and used for pasturage. The soil is naturally a little too loose for grasses, but is made more compact by the trampling of the stock. It is considered a good practice to have land trampled by stock, particularly before sowing to wheat. There is much of the land that should be kept in pasture, particularly the steeper slopes, where washing occurs. Formerly considerable quantities more

Product details

  • Paperback | 366 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 19mm | 653g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236921542
  • 9781236921543