Fair Reflection of Society in Judicial Systems - A Comparative Study
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Fair Reflection of Society in Judicial Systems - A Comparative Study

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Description

This book addresses one central question: if justice is to be done in the name of the community, how far do the decision-makers need to reflect the community, either in their profile or in the opinions they espouse? Each contributor provides an answer on the basis of a careful analysis of the rules, assumptions and practices relating to their own national judicial system and legal culture. Written by national experts, the essays illustrate a variety of institutional designs towards a better reflection of the community. The involvement of lay people is often most visible in judicial appointments at senior court level, with political representatives sometimes appointing judges. They consider the lay involvement in the judicial system more widely, from the role of juries to the role of specialist lay judges and lay assessors in lower courts and tribunals. This lay input into judicial appointments is explored in light of the principle of judicial independence. The contributors also critically discuss the extent to which judicial action is legitimised by any 'democratic pedigree' of the judges or their decisions. The book thus offers a range of perspectives, all shaped by distinctive constitutional and legal cultures, on the thorny relationship between the principle of judicial independence and the idea of democratic accountability of the judiciary.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 236 pages
  • 155 x 235 x 16mm | 541g
  • Cham, Switzerland
  • English
  • 1st ed. 2015
  • 2 Illustrations, black and white; IX, 236 p. 2 illus.
  • 3319184849
  • 9783319184845
  • 3,172,251

Back cover copy

This book addresses one central question: if justice is to be done in the name of the community, how far do the decision-makers need to reflect the community, either in their profile or in the opinions they espouse? Each contributor provides an answer on the basis of a careful analysis of the rules, assumptions and practices relating to their own national judicial system and legal culture. Written by national experts, the essays illustrate a variety of institutional designs towards a better reflection of the community. The involvement of lay people is often most visible in judicial appointments at senior court level, with political representatives sometimes appointing judges. They consider the lay involvement in the judicial system more widely, from the role of juries to the role of specialist lay judges and lay assessors in lower courts and tribunals. This lay input into judicial appointments is explored in light of the principle of judicial independence. The contributors also critically discuss the extent to which judicial action is legitimised by any 'democratic pedigree' of the judges or their decisions. The book thus offers a range of perspectives, all shaped by distinctive constitutional and legal cultures, on the thorny relationship between the principle of judicial independence and the idea of democratic accountability of the judiciary.
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Table of contents

Table of contents.- About the Authors.- 1. Fair reflection of society in judicial systems; Sophie Turenne.- 2. Judges and democracy in Argentina: an elite in search of legitimacy; Jose Sebastian Elias.- 3. Concepts of representation in their application to the judiciary in Australia; Susan Kiefel AC and Cheryl Saunders.- 4. Re-forming a meritorious elite. Judicial independence, selection of judges and the High Council of Justice in Belgium; Maurice Adams and Benoit Allemeersch.- 5. La justice constitutionnelle au-dela du gouvernement des juges: la constitution de pratiques pour refleter la societe; Stephane Bernatchez.- 6. Judicial selection, lay participation, and judicial culture in the Czech Republic: a study in a Central European (non)transformation'; Michal Bobek.- 7. Lay judges and professionals in Danish Courts; Ditlev Tamm.- 8. Finnish judges between tradition and dynamism; Pia Letto-Vanamo.- 9. How to become a Judge in Hungary? From the professionalism of the judiciary to the political ties of the Constitutional CourtBalazs Fekete.- 10. The independence and social influence of a meritorious legal elite in Serbia; Dusan Nikolic.- 11. The government of judges and democracy. The tragic institutional situation of the Venezuelan judiciary; Allan R. Brewer-Carias.- Annex: Questionnaire.
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