Express Delivery Services

Express Delivery Services : Competitive Conditions Facing U.S.-Based Firms in Foreign Markets

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Description

Following receipt on July 1, 2003 of a request from the House Committee on Ways and Means (the Committee) (see appendix A), the United States International Trade Commission (USITC or the Commission) instituted investigation No. 332-456, Express Delivery Services: Competitive Conditions Facing U.S.-based Firms in Foreign Markets under section 332(g) of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1332(g)). As requested by the Committee, this study examines the composition of the global industry, major market participants, and factors driving change, including regulatory reform, in major foreign markets; examines the extent to which competition among express delivery suppliers in foreign markets may be affected by government-sanctioned monopolies competing in those markets; and identifies additional impediments to trade encountered by U.S.-based express delivery service suppliers in foreign markets. At the request of the Committee, for the purpose of the study, the Commission defined express delivery services as: (i) the expedited collection, transport and delivery of documents, printed matter, parcels and/or other goods, while tracking the location of, and maintaining control over, such items throughout the supply of the service; and (ii) services provided in connection therewith, such as customs facilitation and logistics services. In its examination, the Commission found that demand for express delivery services is increasing rapidly as a result of electronic commerce growth, the internationalization of business, and rising demand by manufacturers for outsourced logistic services. U.S.-based express delivery providers increasingly compete with foreign postal firms that provide express delivery services in addition to monopolyprotected letter mail delivery services. In such instances, competition may be impeded by anticompetitive monopoly practices, such as postal firms' use of profits from monopoly-protected services to support services offered in competition. U.S.- based express delivery service firms also face impediments in the form of operational restrictions, investment limitations, discriminatory access to essential facilities, and poor customs environments. Some of these impediments may be addressed through trade disciplines contained in the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), where a negotiating round is currently underway. Bilateral and other multilateral free trade agreements may also serve to remedy impediments. In its analysis of customs impediments, the Commission quantified the effect of foreign customs procedures on express delivery services. The analysis shows that poor customs environments impede time-sensitive deliveries more than other shipments, and that improved customs environments may increase the likelihood that a particular good would be shipped by air. One series of econometric experiments shows that improved customs environments would result in increased U.S. exports, thereby benefitting U.S.-based express delivery providers.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 78 pages
  • 215.9 x 279.4 x 4.57mm | 254.01g
  • Createspace
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1514683342
  • 9781514683347