Exploring Science and Mathematics in a Child's World

Exploring Science and Mathematics in a Child's World

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Description

How do young children learn math and science? Exploring Science and Mathematics in a Child's World examines the development of learning theory through twelve concept explorations on basic natural science themes. The book models how best learning practices are constructed in classroom settings. It also demonstrates how to apply mathematical concepts in authentic minds-on and hands-on experiences related to science. Part One lays the foundation of child development, interrelated mathematics and science processes, and Concept Exploration design. Concept Exploration provides an alternative approach to the usual reliance on a basis model, enabling the teacher and students to explore a wider range of design concepts. This is outlined in Chapter Six. Part Two contains chapters of activities based around a theme such as water, clouds, sun and shadows, wind, birds, insects, and more. All of the activities correlate to the NSES and NCTM standards. This is pictured in a chart at the beginning of each activity chapter for easy reference. For schools where blended math and science courses are offered, this book fills a need as one that demonstrates appropriate content integration and will be a great reference for teachers for many years.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 400 pages
  • 190 x 232 x 18mm | 598.74g
  • Pearson Education (US)
  • Merrill
  • Upper Saddle River, United States
  • English
  • 0130945226
  • 9780130945228
  • 891,246

Back cover copy

Exploring Science and Mathematics in a Child's World provides a cohesive discussion of how to make learning science and mathematics both valuable and enjoyable for young children. Part I chapters are foundational and help students understand child development, interrelated mathematics and science processes, and Concept Exploration design. Part II activity chapters uniquely help students gain a solid understanding of scientific topics, while they learn how to implement activities with children using constructivist and inquiry-based methods. - Blend of Science and Math Topics. This new text integrates science and math across the early childhood curriculum. It offers more mathematics coverage than other science activities texts. Entire chapters are devoted to measurement, problem solving, and organizing and representing data. - More than 100 Concept Exploration Activities. Each Concept Exploration provides an overview of content knowledge for the preservice teacher, with an average of ten activities, resources for integration, safety tips, and more. The activities offer an effective way to engage children's curiosities about topics such as clouds, light and sound, and birds, while also assessing each child's learning experience. - Integration of NSES and NCTM Standards. To familiarize students with the national standards for science and mathematics, each activity is correlated to these standards in a chart appearing at the beginning of the chapter.show more

Table of contents

PART I Chapter 1: A CHILD'S WORLD - How Young Children Learn INTRODUCTION Implications for Adults A Child's World of Cause and Effect Creating Environments that Support Development How Emergence of Language Supports Mathematics and Science Learning Emergence of Symbolic Language Mathematics Development Pattern - the underlying theme of all mathematic and science Sequence - organization and order of succession of events and experiences Seriation - organizing or ordering things in a logical way Spatial Relationships Object Permanence Sorting - putting together items with like attributes Comparing - noting similarities and differences between items or events Classifying One-to-One Correspondence Thinking Skills Observing Imagining Problem Solving Collecting and Organizing Data National Standards in Mathematics and Science Review and Discussion Questions CHAPTER 2: NURTURING CHILD DEVELOPMENT - Environments that Promote Learning INTRODUCTION Creating a Culture of Caring: The Teacher's Role Valuing Children and Childhood Safety within a Caring Culture Play Providing Emotional Security Being Responsive Constructing Meaning through Misconceptions Building a Sense of Community Families and Schools Together Children's Questions and Curiosities Experiencing Newness Encouraging Wonder and Discovery Teachers' Roles in Creating a Curious Classroom Wiggle Room and Opportunities for Movement Creating an Environment Cooperative Culture for Independent Thinking Concept Explorations - Long term projects Documenting Experiences Documenting through Concept Exploration Review and Discussion Questions CHAPTER 3: THE PROCESS OF PROBLEM SOLVING FOR CHILDREN INTRODUCTION The Nature of Problem Solving Problem-Solving Styles Active Versus Reflective Styles How Problem-Solving Styles Affect Classroom Practices and Student Experiences Teacher Tendencies Student Tendencies Teacher and Student Interactions Random Abstract Teachers and Concrete Sequential Students Concrete Sequential Teachers and Random Abstract Students Classroom Experiences with Problem Solving Authentic Learning - Problem Solving in the Real World Design of Classroom Activities that Encourage Problem Solving Teaching at Each of the Four Stages of Problem Solving Collecting and Organizing Data Review and Discussion Questions CHAPTER 4: MEASUREMENT ~ A WAY TO CAPTURE OBSERVATIONS IN MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE INTRODUCTION Using Senses to Experience the World How Things Change and Grow Seeking Inventive Ways to Capture Change and Growth Formal Approaches and Techniques of Measurement National Standards Concerning Measurement Instructional Psychology for Teaching Measurement Some Ideas for Teaching Children to Measure Ways to Help Children Communicate and Share Mathematical Ideas Group Sharing and Discussion Format Journaling Making a Book Modeling Appropriate Mathematical and Scientific Language Relating Rational Counting of Units to the Process of Measurement Providing Discrete Items to Count when Measuring Developing Referents for Measurement Temperature Review and Discussion Questions Resources for Teachers CHAPTER 5: ORGANIZING DATA IN SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS INTRODUCTION Usefulness of Charts and Graphs Types of Charts Webs Venn Diagrams Types of Graphs People Graphs Concrete Graphs Pictographs Bar Graphs Histograms Circle Graphs Line Graphs Using Maps to Organize Data Review and Discussion Questions Resources for Teachers CHAPTER 6: CRITERIA FOR DEVELOPING CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS INTRODUCTION Provides Solid Science and Mathematics Content Solid Science Content Solid Mathematics Content Considers the Appropriate Level of Child Development Truly Integrates Mathematics and Science Is Guided by the Child's World Incorporates Children's Literature Actively Involves Children through Common Basic Materials Is Founded on a Safe Environment Concept Exploration Design Concept Exploration Introduction Concept Exploration Activities for your Classroom Conceptual Framework for Science and Mathematics Children's Explorations National Science Education Standards National Council of Teachers of Mathematics National Standards The Pre-K - 2 Content Standards The Pre-K - 2 Process Standards Resources Resource Books Storybooks Picture Books Multicultural Books Writing Your Own Book Review and Discussion Questions PART II MATH/SCIENCE CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS CHAPTER 7: ASTRONOMY AND SPACE SCIENCE INTRODUCTION SCIENCE CONCEPTS FOR TEACHERS Newton's Three Laws of Motion and Basic Rocketry Star Formation Telescopes and Children Mathematics: Addressing the NCTM Standards through Concept Explorations Number and Operation Algebra and Patterns Geometry Measurement Data Analysis Observing with All the Senses Sight Sound Safety Concept Explorations on Astronomy and Space Science for Your Classroom 1. Solar System Models 2. Solar Dances 3. Golf Ball Lunology 4. Moon Watching 5. Binocular Beauties 6. Observing the Sun 7. Collecting Micro-Meteorites 8. Balloon Rockets 9. Film Canister Rockets 10. Water Rockets 11. Air Rockets 12. Chemical Rockets 13. How High Did It Go? Activities in Other Exploration That Relate to Astronomy and Space Science Resources for Teachers Books Article Websites Children's Books on Astronomy and Space Science CHAPTER 8: BIRDS INTRODUCTION Science Concepts for Teachers Bird Basics Feather Structure and Types Migratory Patterns MATHEMATICS: ADDRESSING THE NCTM STANDARDS THROUGH CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS Number Operation Algebra and Patterns Geometry Measurement Data Analysis with Number and Operation Observing with All the Senses Sight Touch Sound SAFETY CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS ON BIRDS FOR YOUR CLASSROOM 1. Adopt a Bird 2. Feed the Birds 3. Chart the Birds 4. Food Preferences of Birds 5. Constructing Bird Hotels 6. What's A Bird Have to Say? 7. Construction Time: Can You Build as Well as a Bird? 8. Fright Distance 9. How Do Birds Interact with Each Other and with Other Animals 10. How High Do Birds Fly? 11. Where Do Birds Go for the Winter? 12. Feathers of Fine Friends 13. Egg Incubators 14. How Much Does a Bird Weigh? 15. Birds in Different Cultures Activities in Other Explorations that Relate to Birds Resources for Teachers Books Journal Computer Disk Web Sites Children's Books on Birds CHAPTER 9: CLOUDS INTRODUCTION SCIENCE CONCEPTS FOR TEACHERS What Causes Clouds Types of Clouds Mathematics: Addressing the NCTM Standards Through Learning Experiences Algebra Geometry Measurement Data Analysis OBSERVING WITH ALL THE SENSES Sight Sound SAFETY CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS ON CLOUDS FOR YOUR CLASSROOM 1. Head in the Clouds 2. Capture the Clouds 3. Catch Your Breath 4. How High Is a Cloud? 5. What to Do with the Weather 6. Cloudy Sky Stories 7. I've Looked at Clouds from Both Sides Now 8. Which Way are You Going? 9. As the Saying Goes Activities in Other Explorations that Relate to Clouds Resources for Teachers Books Websites Children's Books on Clouds CHAPTER 10: INSECTS INTRODUCTION SCIENCE CONCEPTS FOR TEACHERS Insect Basics Metamorphosis MATHEMATICS: ADDRESSING THE NCTM STANDARDS THROUGH LEARNING EXPERIENCES Number and Operation Algebra, Patterns, and Sorting Geometry Measurement Data Analysis OBSERVING WITH ALL THE SENSES Sight Sound Touch Smell and Taste SAFETY CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS ON INSECTS FOR YOUR CLASSROOM 1. Let's Build an Insect Zoo 2. Create an Insect and Design Its Habitat. 3. Bedtime Bonanza 4. Plant Hotels 5. My Life Story by Billy Beetle 6. Insect Galls 7. Butterfly Detectives 8. Interviewing Insects 9. Ant Investigations 10. Insect Picnic 11. Air Explorations 12. Insect Songs 13. Underground Activities 14. Chromo Pubescents Activities in Other Explorations that Relate to Insects Resources for Teachers Books Articles Web Sites Children's Books on Insects CHAPTER 11: LEAVES INTRODUCTION SCIENCE CONCEPTS FOR TEACHERS The Value of Leaves Photosynthesis Compost MATHEMATICS: ADDRESSING THE NCTM STANDARDS THROUGH CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS Number and Operation and Algebra Geometry Measurement Data Analysis Patterns and Sequencing OBSERVING WITH ALL THE SENSES Sight Sound Touch Smell SAFETY CONCEPT EXPLORATION ON LEAVES FOR YOUR CLASSROOM 1. Falling Leaves 2. Quiet Leaves 3. Leafy Lunch 4. Scratch and Sniff 5. Evergreens Also Have Leaves 6. Insects Like Leaves Too! 7. A Tribute to Transpiration 8. Leaves - Where Do They All Go? 9. Leaves - Alike But Different 10. A Rainbow Connection of Leaves 11. Leaves' Lasting Impressions 12. From a Leaf's Perspective Activities in Other Exploration that Relate to Leaves Resources for Teachers Books Web Sites Children's Books on Leaves CHAPTER 12: MATH/SCIENCE CONCEPT EXPLORATION: LIGHT AND COLOR INTRODUCTION SCIENCE CONCEPTS FOR TEACHERS What Is Light and How Is It Produced? Polarization Light's Enigma: The Duality of Wave and Particle Theories of Light Visible Light The Speed of Light The Normal Sighted Eye Primary Colors Absorption and Reflection of Light Refraction What Are Lasers and How Do They Work? MATHEMATICS: ADDRESSING THE NCTM STANDARDS THROUGH LEARNING EXPERIENCES Number and Operation Algebra Geometry Measurement Data Analysis OBSERVING WITH ALL THE SENSES Sight Sound SAFETY CONCEPTS EXPLORATONS ON LIGHT AND COLOR FOR YOUR CLASSROOM 1. Pinhole Projects 2. Mirrors 3. Seeing Yourself as Others See You 4. The Candle Burning Under Water 5. Up Periscope 6. Doubling Your Fish 7. Reflections of a Laser Pointer 8. Magic Marker Magic 9. Combining Colors 10. Color Television Basic Color 11. Paper Chromatography 12. Technicolor World 13. Grow Plants with a Green Filter 14. Visualizing Sound with Light Activities in Other Explorations that Relate to Light and Color Resources for Teachers Books Web Sites Children's Books CHAPTER 13: ROCKS INTRODUCTION SCIENCE CONCEPTS FOR TEACHERS Don't Take All Rocks for Granite- What are Minerals and Rocks? The Rock Cycle MATHEMATICS: ADDRESSING THE NCTM STANDARDS THROUGH CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS Number and Operation Algebra Geometry Measurement Data Analysis OBSERVING WITH ALL THE SENSES Sight Touch Sound SAFETY CONCEPTS EXPLORATONS ON ROCKS FOR YOUR CLASSROOM 1. Rocks Waiting to Be Found 2. Swap Rocks with Students in Other Schools 3. My Life Story by Rocky 4. Building Stones 5. Rainbow Rocks 6. Stream Sorting 7. Statues, Jewels, and Trinkets 8. Rocks - Pieces and Parts 9. Fossils 10. Graveyard Geology Activities in Other Explorations That Relate to Rocks Resources for Teachers Books Web Sites Children's Books on Rocks CHAPTER 14: SEEDS INTRODUCTION SCIENCE CONCEPTS FOR TEACHERS The Nature of Seeds Parts of a Seed Seed Germination Seed Transportation MATHEMATICS: ADDRESSING THE NCTM STANDARDS THROUGH CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS Number and Operation Algebra and Patterns Geometry Measurement Data Analysis OBSERVING WITH ALL THE SENSES Sight Touch Sound Taste Smell SAFETY CONCEPTS EXPLORATONS ON SEEDS FOR YOUR CLASSROOM 1. Eating Seeds is Fun! 2. What Foods Do We Eat? 3. What Do Our Animal Neighbors Eat? 4. Seeds Growing in Nature 5. The Germination Race 6. Trees Grow from Seeds 7. Flower Seeds to Flower Seeds 8. Pop corn, Indian Corn, Sweet Corn 9. Let's be Gentle! 10. All Quiet on the Stage! 11. Lights, Camera, Action 12. Story Time 13. Seed Mosaics Activities in Other Exploration that Relate to Seeds Resources for Teachers Books Article Web Sites Children's Books on Seeds CHAPTER 15: SUN AND SHADOWS INTRODUCTION SCIENCE CONCEPTS FOR TEACHERS The Sun is a Nuclear Furnace The Earth's Revolution and Rotation Determine the Earth's Seasons The Sun in Our Sky Observing the Daily and Annual Motion of the Sun in Our Sky MATHEMATICS: ADDRESSING THE NCTM STANDARDS THROUGH CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS Number and Operation Algebra Geometry Measurement Data Analysis OBSERVING WITH ALL THE SENSES Sight Touch SAFETY CONCEPTS EXPLORATONS ON SUN AND SHADOWS FOR YOUR CLASSROOM 1. Here Comes the Sun 2. I Saw the Sun Move 3. Me and My Shadow 4. Silhouettes 5. Exploring the Shapes and Sizes of Shadows 6. Photo Opportunities 7. Shadow Game 8. The Warmth of the Sun 9. The Sun Is a Spotlight 10. Mythology and the Sun Activities in Other Exploration that Relate to Sun and Shadows Resources for Teachers Books Article Web Sites Children's Books on Sun and Shadows CHAPTER 16: TOYS AND TOOLS INTRODUCTION SCIENCE CONCEPTS FOR TEACHERS Simple Machines Mechanical Advantage Inertia Center of Gravity Friction Mass and Weight MATHEMATICS: ADDRESSING THE NCTM STANDARDS THROUGH CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS Number and Operation Algebra Geometry Measurement Data Analysis and Probability OBSERVING WITH ALL THE SENSES Sight Touch Sound SAFETY CONCEPTS EXPLORATONS ON TOYS AND TOOLS FOR YOUR CLASSROOM 1. Toy Festival 2. How Many Simple Machines Can You Find? 3. Rulers and Pencils 4. Strings and Things 5. The Toy Factory 6. Toys of Different Countries 7. The Human Machine 8. Invention Convention 9. The Ball Olympics Activities in Other Exploration that Relate to Toys and Tools Resources for Teachers Books Article Web Sites Children's Books on Toys and Tools CHAPTER 17: WATER INTRODUCTION SCIENCE CONCEPTS FOR TEACHERS Water Cycle A Detailed Water Cycle The Water Planet The Curious Nature of Water MATHEMATICS: ADDRESSING THE NCTM STANDARDS THROUGH CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS Number and Operation Algebra, Patterns, and Sorting Geometry Measurement Data Analysis OBSERVING WITH ALL THE SENSES Sight Touch Sound Taste and Smell SAFETY CONCEPTS EXPLORATONS ON WATER FOR YOUR CLASSROOM 1. Splish, Splash 2. Water, Water, Everywhere! 3. How Much Water Do We Use in a day? 4. Don't Drown Lincoln 5. Little Water - Big Water 6. Water Resources and Water Treatment Plants 7. The Classroom River 8. Drip, Drop, Tick, Tock 9. Water Words 10. Water's Work 11. Sequencing Water Processes 12. I Scream! You Scream! We all Scream for Ice Cream! Activities in Other Exploration that Relate to Water Resources for Teachers Books Journal Web Sites Children's Books on Water Books About Rain Books About Snow CHAPTER 18: WIND INTRODUCTION SCIENCE CONCEPTS FOR TEACHERS What Is Wind? Wind Chill MATHEMATICS: ADDRESSING THE NCTM STANDARDS THROUGH CONCEPT EXPLORATIONS Geometry Measurement Data Analysis OBSERVING WITH ALL THE SENSES Sight Sound Touch Smell and Taste SAFETY CONCEPTS EXPLORATONS ON WIND FOR YOUR CLASSROOM 1. See the Wind 2. Capture the Wind 3. Let's Go Fly a Kite 4. Construct a Maximum Wind Gust Measuring Device 5. Watching the Leaves Blow 6. Animals Using the Wind 7. Using the Wind to Do Work 8. Water Evaporation 9. Micro and Macro Activities in Other Explorations That Relate to Wind Resources for Teachers Books Websites Children's Books on Wind APPENDIX: NCTM PROCESS STANDARDS THROUGH GRADE 12 REFERENCESshow more

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