Experiments and Observations on Different Kinds of Air: Volume 2

Experiments and Observations on Different Kinds of Air: Volume 2 : The Second Edition

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By the late eighteenth century, scientists had discovered certain types of gas, such as 'fixed air' (carbon dioxide), but their composition was little understood. Relatively few investigations into gases had taken place, and so the polymath Joseph Priestley (1733-1804) was able to make major breakthroughs in the field using a range of experimental techniques. While living near a brewery, he found that it was possible to outline the shape of the gas above fermenting beer with smoke, and that fire would burn with varying strength depending on the composition of the air. This three-volume collection first appeared between 1774 and 1777. Following the international interest and new discoveries prompted by the publication of its predecessor, Volume 2 - reissued here in its corrected 1776 second edition - includes accounts of further experiments, Priestley's paper on the conducting power of charcoal, and, most significantly, notes on what he calls 'dephlogisticated air' (oxygen).show more

Product details

  • Electronic book text
  • Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 3 b/w illus.
  • 1139644408
  • 9781139644402

Table of contents

Preface; Introduction; 1. Of vitriolic acid air; 2. Of vegetable acid air; 3. Of dephlogisticated air; 4. A more particular account of some processes for the production of dephlogisticated air; 5. Miscellaneous observations on the properties of dephlogisticated air; 6. Of air procured from various substances by means of heat only; 7. Of air produced by the solution of vegetable substances in spirit of nitre; 8. Of air produced by the solution of animal substances in spirit of nitre; 9. Miscellaneous experiments relating to nitre, the nitrous acid and nitrous air; 10. Some observations on common air; 11. Of the fluor acid air; 12. Experiments and observations relating to fixed air; 13. Miscellaneous observations; 14. Experiments and observations on charcoal; 15. Of the impregnation of water with fixed air; 16. An account of some misrepresentations of the author's sentiments; 17. Experiments relating to some of the preceding sections; Appendix; Index.show more