The Experience of Philosophy

The Experience of Philosophy

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This exceptional collection immerses students in such powerful ideas they will find themselves not just reading about, but actually participating in, the kind of philosophical thinking that can change the way they look at their lives and the world around them. The Experience of Philosophy features seventy-eight readings that challenge students' thinking about God, freedom, reality, nothingness, death, and even their own identities. Provocative and accessible, these essays have been carefully chosen for their ability to draw students out of an ordinary frame of reference into exciting new territory. Although the editors include many classic sources such as Plato, Descartes, Locke, and Kant, the emphasis is on contemporary writings. Articles by Derek Parfit, Bertrand Russell, and others help students to see the links between philosophy and literature and philosophy and the physical and social sciences. The text features section introductions, a brief introduction to each selection, biographical information on each author, and questions before and after each reading to reinforce main ideas. Further readings after each selection direct students to additional material on related issues. Ideal for introductory philosophy courses, The Experience of Philosophy encourages students to "do" philosophy, rather than just read about its history. The fifth edition features six new readings on such topics as observation and theory in science; the metaphysics of genocide; gender identity; religious belief; and the latest stimulating ideas from physics on the creation of the universe from nothing.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 702 pages
  • 188 x 231.1 x 27.9mm | 1,043.27g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • Revised
  • 5th Revised edition
  • 0195155084
  • 9780195155082

Table of contents

Preface; PART I: BEGINNING PHILOSOPHY; 1. Plato, The Trial of Socrates; 2. Stanley Milgram, Obedience to Authority; 3. Jiddu Krishnamurti, The Function of Education; 4. Bertrand Russell, The Value of Philosophy; PART II: WHERE AND WHEN; 5. Edwin Abbott, Flatland; 6. Daniel Kolak and David Goloff, The Incredible Shrinking Zeno; 7. Daniel Dennett, Where Am I?; 8. Albert Einstein, On the Idea of Time in Physics; 9. Kadri Vihvelin, Time Travel: The Rules of the Road; PART III: WHO; 10. Daniel Kolak, Descartes among the Ruins; 11. Buddha, On Having No Self; 12. D. E. Harding, On Having No Head; 13. Rene Descartes, On Self and Substance; 14. John Locke, Personal Identity; 15. David Hume, Personal Identity; 16. Thomas Reid, Critique of Locke and Hume on Behalf of Common Sense; 17. Raymond Martin, Personal Identity from Plato to Parfit; 18. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper; 19. Adam/Linda Parascandola, Trans or Me?; PART IV: FREEDOM; 20. Baron Holbach, The Illusion of Free Will; 21. David Hume, Liberty and Necessity; 22. William James, The Dilemma of Determinism; 23. G. E. Moore, Free Will; 24. Richard Taylor, Freedom and Determinism; 25. Jean-Paul Sartre, Existentialism and Human Freedom; PART V: KNOWLEDGE; 26. Plato, Knowledge; 27. Rene Descartes, Meditations; 28. John Locke, Where Our Ideas Come From; 29. George Berkeley, To Be Is to Be Perceived; 30. Bertrand Russell, Perception, Knowledge, and Induction; 31. D. M. Armstrong, The Infinite Regress of Reasons; PART VI: GOD; 32. Anselm, The Ontological Argument; 33. Thomas Aquinas, The Five Ways and the Doctrine of Analogy; 34. Blaise Pascal, The Wager; 35. W. K. Clifford, The Ethics of Belief; 36. William James, The Will to Believe; 37. David Hume, God and Evil; 38. Robert Merrihew Adams, Must God Create the Best?; 39. Raymond Martin, The Elusive Messiah; 40. Kwasi Wiredu, Religion from an African Perspective; 41. H.L. Mencken, Memorial Service; 42. Georges Rey and Christopher Bernard, Does Anyone Really Believe in God? An Exchange; PART VII: REALITY; 43. David Hume, Causation, Reality, and Fiction; 44. Albert Einstein, Considerations on the Universe as a Whole; 45. Ludwig Wittgenstein, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus; 46. Robert Nozick, Fiction; 47. Daniel Kolak, Quantum Cosmology, and Anthropic Principle, and Why Is There Something Rather Than Nothing?; 48. Derek Parfit, The Puzzle of Reality: Why Does the Universe Exist?; PART VIII: EXPERIENCE; 49. Thomas Hobbes, Of Sense and Imagination; 50. John Locke, Experience and Understanding; 51. David Hume, The Senses; 52. Immanuel Kant, Percepts and Concepts; 53. Douglas R. Hofstadter, A Coffeehouse Conversation on the Turing Test; 54. Garrett Thomson and Philip Turetzky, A Simple Guide to Contemporary Philosophy of Mind; 55. Sara Vollmer, Observation: What's Wrong with the Standard Account and How It Can Be Fixed; PART IX: CONSCIOUSNESS; 56. Richard Dawkins, The Selfish Gene; 57. Arnold Zuboff, The Story of a Brain; 58. Thomas Nagel, What Is It Like to Be a Bat?; 59. Frank Jackson, Epiphenomenal Qualia; 60. Paul Churchland, Reduction, Qualia, and the Direct Introspection of Brain States; 61. Melinda Roberts, The Reality of Color; PART X: DEATH; 62. Plato, Death and Immortality; 63. David Hume, Of the Immortality of the Soul; 64. Raymond Martin, Survival of Bodily Death: A Question of Values; 65. Thomas W. Clark, Death, Nothingness, and Subjectivity; 66. Daniel Kolak, The Wine Is in the Glass; PART XI: MEANING; 67. Leo Tolstoy, My Confession; 68. Albert Camus, The Myth of Sisyphus; 69. Richard Taylor, Is Life Meaningful?; 70. Raymond Martin, A Fast Car and a Good Woman; PART XII: ETHICS; 71. Immanuel Kant, The Categorical Imperative; 72. John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism; 73. Friedrich Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil; 74. Mary Wollstonecraft, The Rights of Women; 75. Jonathan Bennett, The Conscious of Huckleberry Finn; 76. John White, The Metaphysics of Anti-Semitism; 77. Richard Garner, Amoralism; PART XIII: VALUES; 78. Plato, The Myth of Gyges's Ring; 79. Aristotle, Virtue and Character; 80. John Stuart Mill, On Liberty; 81. Jonathan Glover, Openness; 82. G. E. Moore, Intrinsic Value; EPILOG: CONCLUDING UNPHILOSOPHICAL POSTSCRIPT; 83. Robert Nozick, A Portrait of the Philosopher as a Young Man; 84. Freeman Dyson, On Becoming a Philosophershow more

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23 ratings
3.82 out of 5 stars
5 35% (8)
4 39% (9)
3 9% (2)
2 9% (2)
1 9% (2)
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