The Expansion of Russia

The Expansion of Russia

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1915 edition. Excerpt: ...the general nrdour for reform. Their reorganisation began in 1862 under General Dimitri Miliutin, Minister of War; but the lessons taught by the Franco-German struggle were taken to heart, and the process was not completed till January 1874. Miliutin's system was based on_ decentralisation. Much of the power exercised by the War Ministry devolved on a committee formed in each military district. A wish to reconcile efiiciency in war time with economy in peace called into being a reserve, ready for mobilisation at a few days' notice. The cumbrous ArmyCorps with its separate staff was replaced as a unit by the Brigade. All the conditions of military service were revolutionised. In times of serfdom every estate was compelled to furnish its quotum of recruits, who were withdrawn from their families for. twenty-five years and rendered unfit for the duties of civil life. Under the new regulations all Russians were declared liable to serve their country for fifteen years. In practice the burden was lightened by exemptions. Youths who annually reached a prescribed age were divided by ballot into two batches, the first of which was drafted into the regular army, while the other joined the reserves. Moreover, the period of active service varied inversely with the degree of education.attained by recruits. An ignorant peasant was called upon to serve for six years: a university student was released after six months spent with the colours. Miliutin endeavoured to raise the standard of military education: but he succeeded only in substituting personal ambition as an incentive for the devotion to Tsar and country inculcated by Nicholas I. Officers of the new school were prone to dabble in politics: and the ill-balanced enthusiasm which a more

Product details

  • Paperback | 136 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 7mm | 254g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236869303
  • 9781236869302