Existence as a Real Property

Existence as a Real Property : The Ontology of Meinongianism

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Description

This profound exploration of one of the core notions of philosophy-the concept of existence itself-reviews, then counters (via Meinongian theory), the mainstream philosophical view running from Hume to Frege, Russell, and Quine, summarized thus by Kant: "Existence is not a predicate." The initial section of the book presents a comprehensive introduction to, and critical evaluation of, this mainstream view. The author moves on to provide the first systematic survey of all the main Meinongian theories of existence, which, by contrast, reckon existence to be a real, full-fledged property of objects that some things possess, and others lack. As an influential addition to the research literature, the third part develops the most up-to-date neo-Meinongian theory called Modal Meinongianism, applies it to specific fields such as the ontology of fictional objects, and discusses its open problems, laying the groundwork for further research.

In accordance with the latest trends in analytic ontology, the author prioritizes a meta-ontological viewpoint, adopting a dual definition of meta-ontology as the discourse on the meaning of being, and as the discourse on the tools and methods of ontological enquiry. This allows a balanced assessment of philosophical views on a cost-benefit basis, following multiple criteria for theory evaluation. Compelling and revealing, this new publication is a vital addition to contemporary philosophical ontology.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 242 pages
  • 155 x 235 x 16mm | 5,207g
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • English
  • 2013 ed.
  • XXII, 242 p.
  • 9400742061
  • 9789400742062
  • 2,200,166

Back cover copy

This profound exploration of one of the core notions of philosophy--the concept of existence itself--reviews, then counters (via Meinongian theory), the mainstream philosophical view running from Hume to Frege, Russell, and Quine, summarized thus by Kant: "Existence is not a predicate." The initial section of the book presents a comprehensive introduction to, and critical evaluation of, this mainstream view. The author moves on to provide the first systematic survey of all the main Meinongian theories of existence, which, by contrast, reckon existence to be a real, full-fledged property of objects that some things possess, and others lack. As an influential addition to the research literature, the third part develops the most up-to-date neo-Meinongian theory called Modal Meinongianism, applies it to specific fields such as the ontology of fictional objects, and discusses its open problems, laying the groundwork for further research.

In accordance with the latest trends in analytic ontology, the author prioritizes a meta-ontological viewpoint, adopting a dual definition of meta-ontology as the discourse on the meaning of being, and as the discourse on the tools and methods of ontological enquiry. This allows a balanced assessment of philosophical views on a cost-benefit basis, following multiple criteria for theory evaluation. Compelling and revealing, this new publication is a vital addition to contemporary philosophical ontology.
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Table of contents

Prologue: Much Ado About Nothing.- Acknowledgments.- Existence as Logic.- Chapter 1. The Paradox of Non-Being.- Chapter 2. To Exist and to Count.- Chapter 3. Troubles for the Received View.- Nonexistence.- Chapter 4. Existence As a Real Property.- Chapter 5. Naive Meinongianism.- Chapter 6. Meinongianisms of The First, Second, and Third Kind.- Close Encounters (with Nonexistents) of the Third Kind.- Chapter 7. Conceiving the Impossible.- Chapter 8. Nonexistents of The Third Kind at Work.- Chapter 9. Open Problems.- References.- Index.
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Review Text

"This book is marvellous and unique in its content. The book will discuss one of the main notions in philosophy - the concept of existence. ... this is an excellent book and I recommend it to your personal library if you are a graduate student and/or researcher working in ontology. It is written by one of the greatest authorities in the field and it is a complete work." (Philosophy, Religion and Science, June, 2016)
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Review quote

"This book is marvellous and unique in its content. The book will discuss one of the main notions in philosophy - the concept of existence. ... this is an excellent book and I recommend it to your personal library if you are a graduate student and/or researcher working in ontology. It is written by one of the greatest authorities in the field and it is a complete work." (Philosophy, Religion and Science, June, 2016)
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