Excellence vs. Equality

Excellence vs. Equality : Can Society Achieve Both Goals?

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Excellence vs Equality: Can Society Achieve Both Goals? explores the issues faced by societies attempting to preserve democratic ideals and the common good in an era of incommensurate wealth and opportunity. As differences in advantage and ability affect the relationships between institutions and the people who comprise them, the book argues that political and social compromise is needed to prevent economic inequality from threatening the well-being and mobility of the less able and less fortunate. Topics include globalization, technology, innovation, talent and meritocracy, higher education, big business, labor unions, and social justice within educational and workplace settings. The author raises perennial and ever-prescient questions regarding how to balance excellence and equality, and how to reduce inequality around the world.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 198 pages
  • 152 x 229 x 12.7mm | 292g
  • ROUTLEDGE
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 1138940909
  • 9781138940901

Table of contents

Introduction - Excellence vs Equality: Consider This





Chapter 1 - The Search for Talent








Geography and "Smart" Thinking







Reaffirming the Best and Brightest







A Changing World: Globalization and Technology







Brain Drain Counts







Tech Companies and Tech Workers







Talented Workers and Big Data







The New American Dream







Centers of Creativity







Conclusion








Chapter 2 - Excellence, Equality and Education








Definitions and Labels







The Early Role of the Schools







The Common School Movement







The Conservative Perspective







IQ Testing and Scoring







Do Schools Make a Difference?







The Coleman Report







The Jencks Study







The Duncan Model







The Unaccounted Factors: Luck







Aptitude vs. Achievement







Education and Economic Opportunity







The Hazards of Merit







Conclusion








Chapter 3 - Socio-Economic Class and Mobility








Measures of Inequality







A Just Society







Power, Privilege and Elite Institutions







A Change in Meritocracy







Excellence vs. Equality







Educational Opportunity and Mobility







Economic Opportunity: Old Ideas, New Ideas







Different Talents, Different Rewards







The Role of Government







Merit and Achievement







Merit and Human Capital







Winning at All Costs







Conclusion








Chapter 4 - Innovation and Human Capital








Outsourcing Middle-Class Jobs







The Global Village







Tech Society, Tech Expertise







The Role of Innovation







China and India - and the Future







The Rise of Asia







Growing Inequality in America







Conclusion








Chapter 5 - Beyond Excellence: The Rich, Superrich and the Rest of Us








The Value of a College Education







Hard Work, Competition and Free Markets







Fat Cats: Old Money vs. New Money







Wealth vs. Work







Ruling the World







Hard Times for Labor







Profits vs. Wages







Where the U.S. is Heading







Conclusion
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Review quote

"Excellence vs. Equality challenges us to consider a potential tradeoff between two socially valued goals and the strategies to address them jointly as well as the consequences of failing to do so. Ornstein presents historical, philosophical, technological, and empirical insights on the imperative and its policy options. For example, can universal identification and nurturing of talent from infancy through adulthood combine to promote excellence and greater equality? This well-written book provides an engaging and thoughtful perspective for social action."


Henry M. Levin, William H. Kilpatrick Professor of Economics and Education, Teachers College, Columbia University, USA





"Allan Ornstein asks the reader to think about questions related to wealth and class, innovation and technology, and excellence and equality. Can society provide equality of opportunity for ordinary folks or will opportunity be reserved for those from inherited wealth and privilege? To what extent does society reward talent and merit while providing for those with average or less-than-average abilities and skills? Alternatively, he concludes that performance and pay should be based on people serving and helping the common good and common purpose, not a free market or survival of the fittest mentality. This is a must-read for anyone concerned with fairness, social justice, and/or growing inequality in the U.S. or around the world."


William Owings, Professor of Finance, Old Dominion University, USA


"This book does not deal with school reform, administrative leadership or effectiveness strategies. It is more like a welcome sermon to re-awaken in readers the moral obligation to dedicate themselves to creating a more just society."





M. Donald Thomas, President, Public Education Support Group, USA
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About Allan C. Ornstein

Allan C. Ornstein is Professor of Education and Social Policy at St. John's University, USA. He is a former Fulbright-Hayes Scholar and author of 60 books and 400 articles.
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