Excavating Modernity

Excavating Modernity : The Roman Past in Fascist Italy

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The cultural and material legacies of the Roman Republic and Empire in evidence throughout Rome have made it the "Eternal City." Too often, however, this patrimony has caused Rome to be seen as static and antique, insulated from the transformations of the modern world. In Excavating Modernity, Joshua Arthurs dramatically revises this perception, arguing that as both place and idea, Rome was strongly shaped by a radical vision of modernity imposed by Mussolini's regime between the two world wars.Italian Fascism s appropriation of the Roman past the idea of Rome, or romanita encapsulated the Fascist virtues of discipline, hierarchy, and order; the Fascist new man was modeled on the Roman legionary, the epitome of the virile citizen-soldier. This vision of modernity also transcended Italy s borders, with the Roman Empire providing a foundation for Fascism s own vision of Mediterranean domination and a European New Order. At the same time, romanita also served as a vocabulary of anxiety about modernity. Fears of population decline, racial degeneration and revolution were mapped onto the barbarian invasions and the fall of Rome. Offering a critical assessment of romanita and its effects, Arthurs explores the ways in which academics, officials, and ideologues approached Rome not as a site of distant glories but as a blueprint for contemporary life, a source of dynamic values to shape the present and future. "show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 232 pages
  • 152.4 x 236.22 x 22.86mm | 498.95g
  • Cornell University Press
  • Ithaca, United States
  • English
  • 16, 13 black & white halftones, 3 tables
  • 0801449987
  • 9780801449987
  • 1,155,765

Review quote

"Arthurs does an excellent job in showing the debates and struggles between contrasting visions of Romanita in the 1938 1945 period.... In the end, Arthurs's book is an enormous contribution to our understanding of the fascist cultural project." Paul Baxa, American Historical Review (Dec 2013)"show more