List of contributors; Preface; 1. Phylogenies, fossils and functional genes: the evolution of echolocation in bats Emma C. Teeling, Serena Dool and Mark Springer; 2. Systematics and paleobiogeography of early bats Thierry Smith, Jorg Habersetzer, Nancy B. Simmons and Gregg F. Gunnell; 3. Shoulder joint and inner ear of Tachypteron franzeni, an emballonurid bat from the middle Eocene of Messel Jorg Habersetzer, Evelyn Schlosser-Sturm, Gerhard Storch and Bernard Sige; 4. Evolutionary history of the Neotropical Chiroptera: the fossil record Gary S. Morgan and Nicholas J. Czaplewski; 5. New Basal Noctilionoid Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) from the Oligocene of Subtropical North America Nicholas J. Czaplewski and Gary S. Morgan; 6. Necromantis Weithofer, 1887, large carnivorous middle and late Eocene bats from the French Quercy Phosphorites: new data and unresolved relationships Suzanne Hand, Bernard Sige and Elodie Maitre; 7. African Vespertilionoidea (Chiroptera) and the antiquity of Myotinae Gregg F. Gunnell, Thomas P. Eiting and Elwyn L. Simons; 8. Evolutionary and ecological correlates of population genetic structure in bats Kevin J. Olival; 9. A bird? A plane? No, it's a bat: an introduction to the biomechanics of bat flight Sharon M. Swartz, Jose Iriarte-Diaz, Daniel K. Riskin and Kenneth S. Breuer; 10. Toward an integrative theory on the origin of bat flight Norberto P. Giannini; 11. Molecular timescale of diversification of feeding strategy and morphology in New World Leaf-Nosed Bats (Phyllostomidae): a phylogenetic perspective Robert J. Baker, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, Hugo Mantilla-Meluk, Calvin A. Porter and Ronald A. Van Den Bussche; 12. Why tribosphenic? On variation and constraint in developmental dynamics of chiropteran molars Ivan Horacek and Frantisek Spoutil; 13. Necromantodonty, the primitive condition of lower molars among bats Bernard Sige, Elodie Maitre and Suzanne Hand; 14. Echolocation, evo-devo, and the evolution of bat crania Scott C. Pedersen and Douglas W. Timm; 15. Vertebral fusion in bats: phylogenetic patterns and functional relationships Dawn J. Larkey, Shannon L. Datwyler and Winston C. Lancaster; 16. Early evolution of body size in bats Norberto P. Giannini, Gregg F. Gunnell, Jorg Habersetzer and Nancy B. Simmons; Index.