Preface; 1. Macroevolution for plant reproductive biologists Paul Wilson; 2. Pollination crisis, plant sex systems and predicting evolutionary trends in attractiveness Tom J. de Jong; 3. Evolution and ecological implications of 'specialized' pollinator rewards W. Scott Armbruster; 4. Fig-fig wasp mutualism, the fall of the strict co-speciation paradigm? Astrid Cruaud, James Cook, Yang Da-Rong, Gwenaelle Genson, Roula Jabbour-Zahab, Finn Kjellberg, Rodrigo Augusto Santinelo Pereira, Nina Ronsted, Otilene Santos-Mattos, Vincent Savolainen, Rosichon Ubaidillah, Simon van Noort, Peng Yan-Qiong and Jean-Yves Rasplus; 5. Fossil bees and their plant associates Denis Michez, Maryse Vanderplanck and Michael S. Engel; 6. Pollen evidence for the pollination biology of early flowering plants Shusheng Hu, David L. Dilcher and David Winship Taylor; 7. Pollinator mediated floral divergence in the absence of pollinator shifts Allan G. Ellis and Bruce Anderson; 8. Animal pollination and speciation in plants: general mechanisms and examples from the orchids Florian P. Schiestl; 9. Why are floral signals complex? An outline of functional hypotheses Anne S. Leonard, Anna Dornhaus and Daniel R. Papaj; 10. A survey on pollination modes in cacti and a potential key innovation Boris O. Schlumpberger; 11. Zygomorphy, area and the latitudinal biodiversity gradient in angiosperms Jana C. Vamosi and Steven M. Vamosi; 12. Ambophily and 'super generalism' in Ceratonia siliqua (Fabaceae) pollination Amots Dafni, Talya Marom-Levy, Andreas Jurgens, Stefan Doetterl, Yuval Shimrat, Achik Dorchin, H. Elizabeth Kirkpatrick and Taina Witt; 13. Structure and dynamics of pollination networks: the past, the present and the future Jens M. Olesen, Yoko L. Dupont, Melanie Hagen, Claus Rasmussen and Kristian Trojelsgaard; 14. Pollinators as drivers of plant distribution and assemblage into communities Loic Pellissier, Nadir Alvarez and Antoine Guisan; 15. Effects of alien species on plant-pollinator interactions: how can native plants adapt to changing pollination regimes? Gideon Pisanty and Yael Mandelik; 16. Pollen resources of non-Apis bees in southern Africa Michael Kuhlmann and Connal D. Eardley; 17. Advances in the study of the evolution of plant-pollinator relationships Sebastien Patiny; Index.