Evidence for Health : From Patient Choice to Global Policy
Evidence for Health: From Patient Choice to Global Policy is a practical guide to evidence-informed decision-making. It provides health practitioners and policy-makers with a broad overview of how to improve health and reduce health inequities, as well as the tools needed to make informed decisions that will have a positive influence on health. Chapters address questions such as: What are the major threats to health? What are the causes of poor health? What works to improve health? How do we know that it works? What are the barriers to implementation? What are the measures of success? The book provides an algorithm for arriving at evidence-informed decisions that take into consideration the multiple contextual factors and value judgements involved. Written by a specialist in public health with a wealth of international experience, this user-friendly guide demystifies the decision-making process, from personal decisions made by individual patients to global policy decisions.
- Electronic book text
- 11 Dec 2012
- CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
- Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
- Cambridge, United Kingdom
- 48 b/w illus.
About Anne Andermann
Anne Andermann is the Medical Specialist in Public Health and Preventive Medicine at Health Canada's Quebec Regional Office, a Public Health Physician at the Cree Board of Health and Social Services of James Bay Northern Quebec, Chair of the Community Oriented Primary Care Committee at St Mary's Hospital, Chair of Public Health for the new undergraduate medical curriculum at McGill Medical School, and Founding Director of the CLEAR Collaboration which is developing practical and evidence-based tools to help frontline health workers address the underlying social causes of poor health. Dr Andermann has previously worked on research capacity strengthening for low- and middle-income countries at the World Health Organization in Geneva where she was also a member of the WHO Research Ethics Review Committee and a main contributing author of the World Health Report 2008 on increasing universal access to primary health care. Dr Andermann has taught undergraduate and graduate level courses on using evidence to improve the health of populations in the USA (Woodrow Wilson School for Public and International Affairs, Princeton University), Brazil (Instituto de Saude Coletiva, Universidade Federal da Bahia) and Germany (Berlin School of Public Health, Charite-Universitatsmedizin Berlin). Dr Andermann was recently awarded the Canadian Rising Stars in Global Health award from Grand Challenges Canada. Her main areas of interest are public health, primary health care, global health, aboriginal health, immigrant and refugee health, social determinants of health, health equity, health promotion, screening, research capacity strengthening, evidence-informed decision-making, health policy, knowledge translation and public health ethics.
Table of contents
Foreword; Preface; Acknowledgements; About the author; 1. Introduction; 2. Strategies for improving health; 3. Understanding how decisions influence health; 4. Producing evidence to inform health decisions; 5. Facilitators and barriers to using evidence; 6. Making evidence-informed decisions; 7. Conclusion; Index.
'To enable individuals to be in control of their lives, action is needed on the social circumstances in which people are born, grow, live, work and age. Evidence for Health: From Patient Choice to Global Policy is an innovative and timely book that provides important insight on how to make more transparent and informed decisions that will result in healthier individuals and more equitable societies.' Professor Sir Michael Marmot, Director, UCL Institute of Health Equity and former Chair, WHO Commission on the Social Determinants of Health '... Andermann, in her thought-provoking book, points not only to the value of evidence but to the imperative to learn how to integrate it more systematically in all decisions related to health from local to global. Progress on this front would certainly contribute to better decisions and better health.' Dr Timothy Evans, Dean, BRAC School of Public Health, Bangladesh and former Assistant Director General, World Health Organization, Geneva 'Public health has too often focused on making recommendations about what people ought to do rather than considering what changes behaviours and policies. Drawing from multiple disciplines, Andermann thoughtfully addresses this challenge, reviewing how we make decisions that affect health - from the individual to the global level - and detailing how we can generate and best make use of evidence to reduce health inequities and improve people's health.' Dr Kumanan Rasanathan, Health Section, United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), New York 'This book addresses key questions confronted by policymakers, health practitioners and the population at large. Written in a very simple and user-friendly manner, Evidence for Health will be a highly valuable tool for understanding and addressing health inequities in both developed and developing countries.' Saeed Awan, Director, Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment, Government of Punjab, Pakistan 'A fresh, thoughtful, and panoramic look at the role of evidence in health. This book should be of interest to any student of public health or public policy.' Dr Peter Singer, Director, Sandra Rotman Centre, University Health Network and University of Toronto 'Decision-making is a complex process, particularly in medicine and public health. It frequently implies the simultaneous display of technical abilities, political appraisals, and moral judgements. Anne Andermann's book ... makes this process accessible to all. I have no doubt that it will become an invaluable tool for health professionals working in clinical, management, and public health settings.' Julio Frenk, Harvard School of Public Health and former Minister of Health, Mexico 'This practical guide to evidence informed decision-making helps readers by clarifying and defining the notion of evidence, the creation of it, and its use for improving health. This book is unique because it is written for front-line health workers, policy-makers, global health decision-makers and researchers. The author is a policy-maker and researcher who cares deeply about individual patient care.' Canadian Medical Association Journal 'Evidence for Health is a highly accessible and practical guide for knowledge translation as it relates to global health policy creation and interpretation. Over the course of seven chapters, a thorough exploration of the levels of evidence and how they are produced and used in health decision making is explained. What is more, although [this book] is a guideline, it is also a call for change.' Journal of the Canadian Health Libraries Association 'This book is unique because it is written for front-line health workers, policy-makers, global health decision-makers and researchers ... Excellence requires that we all use evidence effectively. This book has the potential to help us use it better and to understand how others use it in their lines of work. For those who are not completely sated by this book, Andermann provides numerous excellent sources for the interested reader.' Canadian Medical Association Journal