Every Day a Nightmare : American Pursuit Pilots in the Defense of Java, 1941-1942
In December 1941, the War Department sent two transports and a freighter carrying 103 P-40 fighters and their pilots to the Philipines to bolster Gen. Douglas MacArthur's Far East Air Force. They were then diverted to Australia, with new orders to ferry the P-40s to the Philippines from Australia through the Dutch East Indies. But on the same day as the second transport reached its destination on January 12, 1942, the first of the key refueling stops in the East Indies fell to rapidly advancing Japanese forces, resulting in a break in their ferry route and another change in their orders. This time the pilots would fly their aircraft to Java to participate in the desperate Allied defense of that ultimate Japanese objective. Except for the pilots from the Philippines, almost all of the other pilots eventually assigned to the five provisional pursuit squadrons ordered to Java were recent graduates of flying school with just a few hours on the P-40. Only forty-three of them made it to their assigned destination; the rest suffered accidents in Australia, were shot down over Bali and Darwin, or were lost in the sinking of the USS Langley as it carried thirty-two of them to Java. Even those who did reach the secret field on Java wondered if they had been sacrificed for no purpose. As the Japanese air assault intensified daily, the Allied defense collapsed. Only eleven Japanese aircraft fell to the P-40s. Author William H. Bartsch has pored through personal diaries and memoirs of the participants, cross-checking these primary sources against Japanese aerial combat records of the period and supplementing them with official records and other American, Dutch, and Australian accounts. Bartsch's thorough and meticulous research yields a narrative that situates the Java pursuit pilots' experiences within the context of the overall strategic situation in the early days of the Pacific theater.
- Hardback | 504 pages
- 157.48 x 233.68 x 43.18mm | 1,016.05g
- 15 Aug 2010
- Texas A & M University Press
- College Station, United States
- 45 black and white photographs, 15 tables, 7 maps
Other books in this series
"One reviewer called Mr. Bartsch's earlier book 'an impressive labor of love.' That phrase applies equally well to the present Every Day A Nightmare, a work that will probably stand as the definitive account of a significant but forgotten episode of the Pacific War." - Ronald H. Spector, George Washington University, The Journal of Military History-- (01/15/2011) "Bartschy provides an extraordinary wealth of detail. This insightful day-by-day treatment of his subject is demanding of the reader, yet also rewarding, since it puts all aspects of the battle in perspective. Every Day a Nightmare is a superb book for the scholar and the dedicated buff " -;/div>--Walter J. Boyne "Aviation History "
About William H. Bartsch
WILLIAM H. BARTSCH is the author of two previous books published by Texas A&M University Press: Doomed at the Start: American Pursuit Pilots in the Pacific, 1941-1942 (1992); and the award-winning December 8, 1941: MacArthur's Pearl Harbor (2003). Bartsch, a former United Nations development economist and independent consultant now exclusively researching and writing on the Pacific War, lives in Reston, Virginia.