Europeans in the World: Sources on Cultural Contact from Antiquity to 1700 v. 1
For courses in World History, Western Civilization, and World Civilization. This reader focuses on the relations between European civilization and the rest of the world. It chronologically organizes material from antiquity to the present. It presents excerpts from primary source texts, written documents, and visual images, and pays particular attention to providing materials that reflect a diverse set of experiences. Themes such as politics, gender, religion, and ethnicity in non-European parts of the world enable students to place European history in its larger global context.
- Paperback | 324 pages
- 137.2 x 287.5 x 16.3mm | 408.24g
- 08 Nov 2001
- Pearson Education Limited
- Harlow, United Kingdom
Back cover copy
Europeans in the World is a primary-source reader that focuses on the relations between European civilization and the rest of the world. It covers chronologically, in two volumes, the period from antiquity to the late twentieth century. Excerpts from written documents and visual images provide multiple perspectives on the ways in which Europeans interacted with people and civilizations from other parts of the world. The texts presented here examine politics, gender, religion, and ethnicity. The readings include not only such standard accounts as Travels of Marco Polo and J. A. Hobson's Imperialism, but also accounts by missionaries such as William of Rubruck (The Mongol Mission) and Matteo Ricci (Journals), unusual European travelers such as Mary Kingsley (Travels in West Africa), and by colonial subjects such as Mohandas K. Gandhi (Hind Swaraj).
Table of contents
(NOTE: Volume I includes Chapters 1-14 and Volume II includes Chapters 14-26.) 1. Ancient Near East, 300BC -700BC . Texts: 1. Legend of Sargon. 2. Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta. 3. Laws of Eshnunna. 4. The Amarna Letters. 5. Book of Isaiah. 6. Clay Tablet, Sumerian. 2. Classical World, 700BC-500AD. Texts: 1. Homer, The Odyssey. 2. Herodotus, Histories. 3. Pliny the Elder, Natural History. 4. Egeria, Diary of a Pilgrimage. 5. Euclid, Geometry. 3. Early Medieval Europe, 500-1000AD. Texts: 1. Gregory of Tours, History of the Franks. 2. Rule of Saint Benedict. 3. Salic Law. 4. Vita Anskarii. 5. Illustrated Leaf of Medieval Bible. 4. Encounters with the East, 1100-1400AD. Texts: 1. The Travels of Ibn Jubayer (1145-1217). 2. Friar Jordanus, The Wonders of the East. 3. Ibn Battuta, The Travels of Ibn Battuta. 4. Ramon Llull, The Book of the Lover and the Beloved. 5. Pilgrim's Qu'ran. 5. Eastern Influence on Europe, 1100-1400AD. Texts: 1. Giovanni Villani, Chronicle. 2. Justinian Code. 3. Averroes. On the Harmony of Religion and Philosophy. 4. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica. 5. Islamic astronomy text. Ibn Ezra, Abraham ben Meir. De nativitatibus. 6. General World View on the Eve of Exploration, 1480-1600AD. Texts: 1. The Travels of Sir John Mandeville. 2. Strabo, Geography. 3. Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, On the Dignity of Man. 4. Desiderius Erasmus, In Praise of Folly. 5. Sailing beyond the Pillars of Hercules. Francis Bacon, Novum Organuum. 7. Early Modern Contact, 1500-1700AD. Texts: 1. Gasper Correa, Lendas da India. 2. Bartolome de Las Casas, The Journal of his First Voyage. 3. Hernan Cortes, The Letters of Cortes. 4. Jacques Cartier, The Second Voyage of Jacques Cartier. 5. Leo Africanus, Wasf Ifriqiya: The History and Description of Africa. 6. Spanish subjugation of the New World. Herman Cortes, Historia de Nueva-Espana. 8. The New World: Barbarian, Slave or Subject? 1500-1700AD. Texts: 1. Pope Alexander VI, Inter caetera. 2. Bartolome de Las Casas, Tears of the Indians. 3. Florentine Codex. 4. Michel de Montaigne, On Cannibals. 5. Thomas Morton, New English Canaan. 6. A Secota Village. 9. Early Colonization, 1500-1700AD. Texts: 1. The Requermiento 2. Ynca Garcilazo de la Vega, The Royal Commentaries. 3. Journal of Jan Van Riebeeck. 4. Thomas Hariot, Narrative of the first English Plantation of Virginia. 5. Clay Stamp with Jaguar Design. 10. Evangelization, 1500-1700AD. Texts: 1. Matteo Ricci, Journals. 2. Diego da Landa, Account of the Yucatan. 3. Jesuit Relations. 4. John Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity. 5. The burning of a heretic in early colonial Mexico. 11. The Influence of Exploration on Europe, 1500-1700AD. Texts: 1. Richard Hakluyt, Voyages. 2. Galileo Galilei, Dialogues on Two New Sciences. 3. John Locke, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. 4. Mercure de France, Relation of the arrival in France of four Savages of Mississippi (1725). 5. Maize depicted in the sixteenth century herbal by Leonhart Fuchs, De historia stirpium commentarii insignes...(1542). 12. Fictionalizing the World, 1500-1700AD. Texts: 1. Thomas More, Utopia. 2. William Shakespeare, The Tempest. 3. Cyrano de Bergerac, Voyage to the Moon. 4. Jonathan Swift, Gulliver's Travels. 5. Cyrano de Bergerac flying to the moon. 13. Women and Colonization, 1500-1700AD. Texts: 1. Bernal Diaz del Castillo, The Conquest of New Spain. 2. Marie de l'Incarnacion, Letters. 3. Mary Rowlandson, A New England Captivity. 4. Pierre de Charlevoix, Iroquois Women in Government. 5. Image of colonial women spinning. 14. The Plantation Complex and the Slave Trade, 1650-1800. Texts: 1. William Dampier, A Voyage to New-Holland in the Year 1699. 2. Alexander Falconbridge, An Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa. 3. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, written by himself. 4 Letter to South Carolina Gazette concerning slave trade. 5. The Slave Coffle in Africa in the Eighteenth-Century. 15. The Noble and Good Savages of the Enlightenment, 1690-1780. Texts: 1. Aphra Behn, Oroonoko. 2. Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe. 3. A Village of the Savages of Canada from Baron de Lahontan, New Voyages to North-America. 4. Denis Diderot, Supplement to Bougainville's Voyage. 5. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Discourse on the Origins of Inequality. 6. The Revolutionary Moment: Decree of the National Convention, 16 Pluviose Year II. Constitution of the French Colony of Saint-Domingue. 16. Pacific Exploration, 1768-1850. Texts: 1. A Journal of A Voyage Round the World in His Majesty's Ship Endeavor, in the years 1768, 1769, 1770, and 1771. 2. John Ledyard, A Journal of Captain Cook's Last Voyage. 3. Johann Zoffany, The Death of Captain Cook. 4. James Boswell, Life of Johnson. 5. Charles Darwin, Beagle Diary. 6. Herman Melville, Omoo. 17. African Exploration, 1820-1885. Texts: 1. Richard Lander, Records of Captain Clapperton's Last Expedition to Africa. 2. John Hanning Speke, Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile. 3. Samuel White Baker, The Albert N'Yanza: Great Basin of the Nile and Explorations of the Nile Sources. 4. David Livingstone, The Last Journals of David Livingstone in Central Africa. 18. The Expansion of European Empires, 1783-1900. Texts: 1. The Second British Empire: Anglo-American Treaty of Peace, 1783. 2. Lord Shelburne, Debate in the Lords on the Preliminary Articles of Peace. 2. "War with the Ashantee,"Annual Register 1824. 3. Treaty concluded between Albert Dolisie and the Chiefs of Alima, 17 October 1884. 4. J.A. Hobson, Imperialism: A Study. 5. V.I. Lenin, Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism. 19. Race and Science, 1850-1904. Texts: 1. Joseph Arthur Comte de Gobineau, The Inequality of Human Races. 2. Matthew Arnold, On the Study of Celtic Literature. 3. John Beddoe, The Races of Britain. 4. Havelock Ellis, A Study of British Genius. 20. Orientalism and Orientalist Art: Learning about the East, 1784-1887. Texts: 1. Sir William Jones, Preface to Grammar of the Persian Language. 2. Rammohun Roy, Letter on Education. 3. Francois-Rene, Vicomte de Chateaubriand, Travels from Paris to Jerusalem, and from Jerusalem to Paris. 4. Edward William Lane, An Account of the Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians, written in Egypt during the years 1833, 1834, and 1835. 5. Eugene Delacroix, Women of Algiers in their Quarters. 6. Jean-Leon Gerome, The Carpet Merchant. 21. Travel, 1799-1900. Texts: 1. Alexander von Humboldt and Aime Bonpland, Personal Narrative of Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of America during the years 1799-1804. 2. Evariste-Regis Huc, A Journey through the Chinese Empire. 3. Richard Francis Burton, Personal Narrative of a Pilgrimage to Al-Madinah and Meccah. 4. Mary Kingsley, Travels in West Africa. 5. Isabella Bird, The Yangtze Valley and Beyond. 22. Fictional Representations of Non-Europeans, 1862-1924. Texts: 1. Gustave Flaubert, Salammbo. 2. Pierre Loti, Aziyade. 3. W.S. Gilbert, The Mikado. 4. Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness. 5. E.M. Forster, A Passage to India. 6. Clive Leading the Storming Party at Devikota from G.A. Henty, With Clive in India. 23. Anthropology and Ethnography, 1871-1922. Texts: 1. E.B. Tylor, Primitive Culture. 2. Intichiuma Ceremony of Water Totem from Baldwin Spencer and F.J. Gillen, The Native Tribes of Central Australia. 3. Franz Boas, The Mind of Primitive Man. 4. Emile Durkheim, The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life. 5. Bronsilaw Malinowski, Argonauts of the Western Pacific. 6. Bronislaw Malinowski, A Diary in the Strict Sense of the Term, 1914-15. 24. Independence Movements, 1945-1965. Texts: 1. Mohandas K. Gandhi, Hind Swaraj. 2. Ho Chi Minh, Declaration of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. 3. Harold MacMillan, The Winds of Change. 4. Houari Boumediene, Proclamation of the Council of the Revolution. 25. The Globalization of the World Economy, 1900-1999. Texts: 1. Romesh Dutt, The Economic History of India in the Victorian Age. 2. C.L.R. James, Abyssinia and the Imperialists. 3. Kwame Nkrumah, Neo-Colonialism: The Last Stage of Imperialism. 4. Mihajlo Mesarovic and Eduard Pestel, Mankind at the Turning Point, The Second Report to the Club of Rome. 5. Senator Donald Riegle, Speech in Senate debate on ratification of North American Free Trade Agreement. 26. Post-Colonialism, 1970-Present. Texts: 1. Debate on Immigration Control House of Commerce, Dec. 5, 1958. 2. Enoch Powell, Speech to the Annual General Meeting of the West Midlands Area Conservative Political Centre, Birmingham, 20 April 1968. 3. Margaret Thatcher, The Path to Power. 4. Mehdi Charef, Tea in the Harem.