European Wood-pastures in Transition

European Wood-pastures in Transition : A Social-ecological Approach

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Wood-pastures are important elements of European cultural identity and have an exceptional ecological value, yet they are in decline all over Europe. The structure of wood-pastures is strongly influenced by grazing and multiple other land uses and by local and regional environmental conditions. This book examines the diverse expressions of wood-pastures across Europe. It provides a new perspective, using a social-ecological framework to explore social and ecological values, governing institutions, threats and conservation approaches. It explores the major drivers of decline, which are shown to be related to accelerated cultural, institutional and developmental changes occurring across Europe over the past century. Case studies are included from North-Western, Southern, and Eastern Europe. Written by renowned scholars and conservationists, the book contributes to developing better, locally adapted conservation policies and management approaches for wood-pastures.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 322 pages
  • 162 x 236 x 24mm | 559.99g
  • Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 69 black & white illustrations, 10 black & white tables, 40 black & white halftones, 19 black & white line drawings
  • 0415869897
  • 9780415869898

About Tibor Hartel

Tibor Hartel is Associate Professor in the Environmental Science Department at Sapientia University of Transylvania, Romania, and is a member of the Board of Directors of the Society for Conservation Biology: Europe Section. His research focuses on rural landscapes from Eastern Europe. He studies wood-pastures in Romania and has been involved in a number of management and educational activities targeting wood-pastures and old trees. Tobias Plieninger is Associate Professor at the Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. He is interested in the study of the driving forces, processes and patterns of changes in human-shaped landscapes. His research integrates natural and social science approaches to landscape ecology and conservation.
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Review quote

"Wood-pastures in their remarkable variety have not had the attention they merit in Europe. The authors of this book bring their richness to life by combining historical as well as ecological and sociological approaches, with some authoritative case histories. It is an important step forward in the literature." - David Baldock, Executive Director, Institute for European Environmental Policy. "Tibor Hartel and Tobias Plieninger have put together a wonderful volume on European Wood-Pastures in Transition: A Social-Ecological Approach. The book, at the front of social-ecological research, is a most timely and valuable contribution to a deeper understanding of stewardship of social-ecological systems and the services they generate." - Carl Folke, Professor and Director, Beijer Institute, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and Science Director, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University. "In a world where agriculture is becoming synonymous with laser-directed plow lines steering crop bed planting, this book opens our eyes to a different farming that is part of nature, with woodlands that provide sustenance for generations, often with breathtaking beauty and resilience. Expert and insightful analyses are offered of complex systems where trees and grass, culture and ecology, tradition and science give rise to sustainable agricultural systems." - Lynn Huntsinger, Professor, Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California at Berkeley. "This book is ultimately an outstanding and alluring call to action for efforts to balance the ecological, economic, institutional, cultural and social components of wood-pastures that are required to guarantee the long term preservation of these landscapes in Europe." - Agroforestry Systems, R. A. Correia, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
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Table of contents

Part 1: Introduction 1. The Social and Ecological Dimensions of Wood-pastures Tibor Hartel and Tobias Plieninger 2. Diversity, Threats and Conservation of European Wood-pastures Erwin Bergmeier and Marlene Roellig 3. Wood-pastures as Examples of European High Nature Value Landscapes - Functions and Differentiations According to Farming Rainer Oppermann Part 2: History and Change 4. The Origins and History of Medieval Wood-pastures Dolly Jorgensen and Peter Quelch 5. Recent Dynamics of Evergreen Oak Wood-pastures in South-Western Iberia Augusta Costa, Manuel Madeira, Jose Lima Santos and Tobias Plieninger 5.1 Wood-pasture Profile: Monroy, Spain Tobias Plieninger 6. Ecological Patterns and Processes at Various Spatio-temporal Scales in Wood-pastures of the Swiss Jura Mountains and Adaptation to Climate Change Alexandre Buttler and Alexander Peringer 6.1. Wood-pasture Profile: Musella, Italy Matteo Garbarino Part 3: Biodiversity and Ecology 7. Plant and Vegetation Diversity in European Wood-pastures Matteo Garbarino and Erwin Bergmeier 7.1 Wood-pasture Profile: Saaremaa, Estonia Marlene Roellig and Marek Sammul 8. Wood-pastures as Reservoirs for Invertebrates Steven Falk 8.1. Wood-pasture Profile: Hatfield Forest, England Keith Kirby 9. Grazing as a Tool for Wood-pasture Restoration and Management Jan Van Uytvanck and Kris Verheyen 9.1 Wood-pasture Profile: East Vattern Scarp, Sweden Simon Jakobsson and Regina Lindborg Part 4: Socio-cultural Values 10. Social-cultural Values of Oak Wood-pastures and Transhumance in Greece Thanasis Kizos 10.1 Wood-pasture Profile: Western Lesvos, Greece Thanasis Kizos 11. The Role of Traditional Ecological Knowledge in Managing Wood-pastures Anna Varga and Zsolt Molnar 11.1 Wood-pasture Profile: Csokonyavisonta, Hungary Anna Varga 12. Mapping Ancient and other Trees of Special Interest: UK citizens' Contribution to World Tree Heritage Jill Butler Part 5: Governance Institutions 13. Wood-pasture Management in Southern Transylvania (Romania): from Communal to Where? Laura Sutcliffe, Kinga Ollerer and Marlene Roellig 13.1 Wood-pasture Profile: Breite, Romania Tibor Hartel 14. Common Management of Wood-pastures and Sustainable Regional Development in the Southern Black Forest (Germany) Claudia Bieling and Werner Konold 14.1 Wood-pasture Profile: Southern Black Forest, Germany Claudia Bieling 15. Institutional Arrangements of Wood-pasture Management: Past and Present (UK) Keith J. Kirby and Suzanne C. Perry Part 6: Synthesis 16. Wood-pastures and the Greening of the Common Agricultural Policy Guy Beaufoy 17. European Wood-pastures in Transition: Lessons for Science, Conservation and Policy Development in High Nature Value Landscapes Tobias Plieninger and Tibor Hartel
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