European Judicial Responses to Security Council Resolutions

European Judicial Responses to Security Council Resolutions : A Consequentialist Assessment

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In European Judicial Responses to Security Council Resolutions: A Consequentialist Assessment, Kushtrim Istrefi examines the multiple effects of European courts decisions as regards Security Council targeted sanctions and security detentions interfering with fundamental rights. He elaborates what type of judicial responses ensured real and practical respect for human rights for the petitioners, encouraged Security Council due process reform, clarified Security Council authorisations on security detentions, and tested the primacy and universal character of the UN Charter.

Making use of legal and non-legal instruments, Istrefi sheds some light upon what happened to, among others, petitioners, the SC due process reform agenda, and the UN Charter after such cases as Kadi, Al-Jedda, Ahmed, Al-Dulimi.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 204 pages
  • 155 x 235 x 27.94mm | 490g
  • Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • English
  • 9004345256
  • 9789004345256
  • 1,459,249

Table of contents

List of Abbreviations
1 Introduction
A Setting the Scene
B Structure
C The Purpose of the Study
2 Security Council Resolutions Affecting Human Rights: Targeted Sanctions and Security Detentions
A Security Council in the New Terrain of Unconventional Threats
B Security Council Targeted Sanctions: Targeting Individuals in the Name of Peace
I The Evolution of Targeted Sanctions
II Applying Targeted Sanctions
III UN Institutional Avenues for De-listing: The Focal Point and the Office of the Ombudsperson
IV Implementation of Targeted Sanctions by Member States
V Targeted Sanctions and the (Un)intended Consequences for Human Rights
VI UN Initiatives to Incorporate Human Rights in the Context of Targeted Sanctions
C Security Detentions Authorised by the Security Council
I Resolutions Authorising Prolonged Detention
II Displacing Human Rights through Indefinite Detentions
III The UN Human Rights Initiatives in the Context of Security Detentions
D Conclusions
3 Duty to Comply with Security Council Resolutions: The Force of the UN Charter
A The Universal Reach of Security Council Resolutions
B The Place of the UN Charter in UN Member States
I Are all Security Council Resolutions in Compliance with the Charter?
C The Place of the UN Charter in Non-UN Members
I General Remarks
II The Expected Observance of UN Charter Obligations by Non- UN Members
III The UN Charter in the EU Legal Order
D Conclusion
4 European Judicial Responses to Security Council Resolutions Affecting Individual Rights
A Modes of Engagement
B Subordination
I Al- Jedda before the UK courts
II Yusuf and Kadi before the EU Court of First Instance
III Subsequent case- law of the EU Court of First Instance: Hassan v Council of the EU and Commission and Ayadi v Council of the EU
IV Nada before the Swiss Federal Tribunal
V Al- Dulimi before the Swiss Federal Tribunal
VI General Observations
C Detachment
I Kadi I
II Kadi II
III What Triggers EU Disobedience: Between Autonomy and Human Rights
D National Resistance through Constitutional Dualism
I Ahmed before the UK Supreme Court
E Harmonisation
I Al-Jedda before the ECtHR
II Nada before the ECtHR: Harmonisation at the Level of Implementation of Security Council Resolutions
III General Observations on Al-Jedda and Nada : The Two-Level Harmonisation Approach
IV Al-Dulimi before the ECtHR: A Temporary Stop in the Bosphorus and Back to Harmonisation
F Conclusions
5 The Effects of the European Jurisprudence: Human Rights, Due Process Reform and the UN Charter
A Raising Awareness: A Wave of Droit-de-l'hommisme in Times of Crisis
B Ensuring Genuine Protection of Human Rights?
I Implementation of Court Decisions
II Mr Kadi
III Mr Ayadi
IV Mr Ahmed
V Mr Abdulrahim
VI Mr Nada
VII Mr Sayadi and Ms Vinck
VIII Mr Al Jedda
C Encouraging Security Council Due Process Reform?
I The Initial Impact of the European Courts-Contributing to the Establishment of the UN Office of the Ombudsperson
II Splitting Apart on Future Reform: Between `One-Size-Fits-All' and Contextual due Process
D Clarifying Security Council Authorisations on Security Detentions?
I The limits of Security Detentions
II Remaining Challenges Concerning Security Council Resolutions Authorising Detentions
E Testing the Legal Force of the UN Charter?
F Conclusions
6 Conclusion
A Overview
B The Relevance of this Contribution for Future Engagement by European Courts with Security Council Resolutions
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About Kushtrim Istrefi

Kushtrim Istrefi, Ph.D. (2016), teaches International and European Law at the University of Amsterdam (PPLE) and International Law Clinic at the VU University Amsterdam. He is also a visiting lecturer in Human Rights Law at the Riga Graduate School of Law.
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