The Ethiopic Liturgy; Its Sources, Development, and Present Form

The Ethiopic Liturgy; Its Sources, Development, and Present Form

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1915 edition. Excerpt: the only Creed used in the Eastern Church, though the East Syrians have a variant form of their own, and the Abyssinians have a shorter form used in the Baptismal service. The sequence of the Creed and Kiss of Peace in the different Eastern liturgies has been generally disturbed by accretions or the cross-influence of rites. The form of the Nicene Creed used in the Greek liturgies is that which was ratified at Chalcedon, while the form used in the Syro-Jacobite, Nestorian, Coptic, Armenian and Ethiopic liturgies is the local Baptismal Creed with Nicene additions. The Byzantine liturgies with St. James and St. Mark have the simpler "I believe." The Coptic, Nestorian, Armenian and Ethiopic liturgies have "we believe." The theory of Probst that the Creed had been used in Rome before the Council of Toledo has not been confirmed. Rome did not finally adopt it till the eleventh century in the reign of the Emperor Henry II, who persuaded Benedict VIII to admit the Creed with the Filioque clause into the liturgy. As remarked above, the Creed adopted in the Ethiopic liturgy was a local Baptismal one with Nicene additions. This did not take place till after Greek St. Mark had been adopted. The forerunners of the local Baptismal Creed, which, with additions, was later adopted into the liturgy, are to be found in the Papyrus of Der Balyzeh" of the second century, in the Ethiopic Church Order" of the third century, and in the Verona Fragments" of the fourth century. All these were used at Baptismal services, but the Creed in Der Balyzeh is found in a Papyrus which contains a regular Eucharistic service, and may have been used there as well as at a Baptismal Eucharist. What is apparently by far the more

Product details

  • Paperback | 92 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 5mm | 181g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236864727
  • 9781236864727