Ethics in Practice

Ethics in Practice : An Anthology

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The fourth edition of Ethics in Practice offers an impressive collection of 70 new, revised, and classic essays covering 13 key ethical issues. Essays integrate ethical theory and the discussion of practical moral problems into a text that is ideal for introductory and applied ethics courses. * A fully updated and revised edition of this authoritative anthology of classic and contemporary essays covering a wide range of ethical and moral issues * Integrates ethical theory with discussions of practical moral problems, and includes three essays on theory written specifically for this volume * Nearly half of the essays are written or revised exclusively for this anthology, which now also features eleven essays new to this edition, as well as expanded sections discussing theory, reproductive technologies, war and terrorism, and animals * Content allows teachers to discuss discrete practical issues (e.g., euthanasia), focus on the broader grouping of topics (e.g., life and death), or focus on common themes which bridge sections (sexism, moral standing, individualism and community) * Section introductions not only outline the basic issues discussed in the essays, but relate them to theoretical perspectives and practical issues discussed elsewhere in the book.
* Guides students with supporting introductory essays on reading philosophy, theorizing about ethics, writing a philosophy paper, and a supporting web site at
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Product details

  • Paperback | 704 pages
  • 189 x 244 x 29mm | 1,010g
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 4th Edition
  • 0470671831
  • 9780470671832
  • 272,547

Back cover copy

The fourth edition of the highly successful Ethics in Practice offers an impressive collection of 70 new, revised, and classic essays covering 13 key ethical issues. Through the careful selection of essays, thoughtful organization of the sections, and helpful introductions, this book brings together a collection that integrates ethical theory with the discussion of practical ethical issues.

In addition to covering many standard issues such as abortion, euthanasia, animal rights, the environment, and world hunger, the volume includes essays which discuss less familiar, but equally important topics such as hate speech, drug-use, gun control, and political correctness. Half of the essays have been written or revised for this anthology. Eleven essays are new to this edition, and the sections on theory, reproductive technologies, war and terrorism, and animals have all been expanded.

The essays are philosophically rigorous yet engaging and accessible to the introductory student, enabling students to think critically about a wide range of moral issues. The supporting website ( contains extensive links to sources on the topics, ethical theories, and guides on writing philosophical papers. Together, these features make Ethics in Practice the ideal volume for introductory and applied ethics courses.
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Table of contents

Preface for Instructors x Acknowledgments xii Source Acknowledgments xiii General Introduction 1 Theorizing about Ethics 3 Reading Philosophy 11 Writing a Philosophy Paper [N] 15 Part I Ethical Theory 23 Ethical Theory 25 1 Consequentialism [NR] 28 William H. Shaw 2 Deontology [W] 37 David McNaughton and Piers Rawling 3 Rights [NW] 49 George W. Rainbolt 4 Virtue Theory [W] 60 Rosalind Hursthouse Part II Life and Death 71 Euthanasia 73 5 Rule-Utilitarianism and Euthanasia [W] 76 Brad Hooker 6 Justifying Physician-Assisted Deaths [W] 85 Tom L. Beauchamp 7 Against the Right to Die [R] 92 J. David Velleman 8 Dying at the Right Time: Reflections on (Un)Assisted Suicide [W] 101 John Hardwig 9 A Duty to Care Revisited [R] 112 Felicia Cohn and Joanne Lynn Abortion 121 10 A Defense of Abortion 124 Judith Jarvis Thomson 11 On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion [R] 132 Mary Anne Warren 12 An Argument that Abortion is Wrong [W] 141 Don Marquis 13 The Moral Permissibility of Abortion 151 Margaret Olivia Little 14 Virtue Theory and Abortion [R] 160 Rosalind Hursthouse Animals 169 15 All Animals are Equal 172 Peter Singer 16 Moral Standing, the Value of Lives, and Speciesism 181 R. G. Frey 17 The Case for Animal Rights 192 Tom Regan 18 The Case for the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research [N] 198 Carl Cohen 19 Why Cohen is Mistaken [NR] 204 Hugh LaFollette Part III The Personal Life 215 Family and Sexuality 217 20 What Do Grown Children Owe Their Parents? 219 Jane English 21 Morality, Parents, and Children 223 James Rachels 22 Missing Staircases and the Marriage Debate: Is Same-Sex Marriage Bad for Children? [NR] 233 John Corvino 23 What Is Marriage For? Children Need Mothers and Fathers [N] 239 Maggie Gallagher Biomedical Technologies 245 24 Artificial Means of Reproduction and Our Understanding of the Family 247 Ruth Macklin 25 Is Women s Labor a Commodity? 255 Elizabeth S. Anderson 26 Goodbye Dolly? The Ethics of Human Cloning 265 John Harris 27 The Wisdom of Repugnance: Why We Should Ban the Cloning of Humans 274 Leon R. Kass 28 Cognitive Enhancement 283 Allen Buchanan and David R. Crawford [NW] Part IV Liberty and Equality 291 Paternalism and Risk 293 29 Freedom of Action 295 John Stuart Mill 30 On Improving People by Political Means 299 Lester H. Hunt 31 Against the Legalization of Drugs 309 James Q. Wilson 32 Why We Should Decriminalize Drug Use [R] 314 Douglas Husak 33 The Liberal Basis of the Right to Bear Arms [R] 323 Todd C. Hughes and Lester H. Hunt 34 Gun Control 334 Hugh LaFollette Free Speech 346 35 Freedom of Thought and Discussion 348 John Stuart Mill 36 The Price We Pay? Pornography and Harm [R] 352 Susan J. Brison 37 The Right to Get Turned On: Pornography, Autonomy, Equality 361 Andrew Altman 38 Sticks and Stones [W] 370 John Arthur 39 Speech Codes and Expressive Harm [W] 381 Andrew Altman Sexual and Racial Discrimination 389 40 Racism 392 Michele Moody-Adams 41 Servility and Self-Respect 401 Thomas E. Hill, Jr. 42 Sexual Harassment 407 Anita M. Superson 43 Date Rape 415 Lois Pineau 44 Men in Groups: Collective Responsibility for Rape [R] 422 Larry May and Robert Strikwerda Affirmative Action 431 45 The Case against Affirmative Action [R] 433 Louis P. Pojman 46 The Rights of Allan Bakke 443 Ronald Dworkin 47 Affirmative Action as Equalizing Opportunity: Challenging the Myth of Preferential Treatment [W] 449 Luke Charles Harris and Uma Narayan Part V Justice 461 Punishment 463 48 Punishment and Desert [W] 466 James Rachels 49 Out of Character: On the Psychology of Excuses in the Criminal Law [W] 474 John M. Doris 50 Does Punishment Work? [W] 484 John Paul Wright, Francis T. Cullen, and Kevin M. Beaver 51 In Defense of the Death Penalty 494 Louis P. Pojman 52 Against the Death Penalty 503 Jeffrey Reiman Economic Justice 510 53 A Theory of Justice 513 John Rawls 54 The Entitlement Theory of Justice 524 Robert Nozick 55 Displacing the Distributive Paradigm 535 Iris Marion Young 56 Economic Competition: Should We Care about the Losers? [W] 545 Jonathan Wolff World Hunger 552 57 Famine, Affluence, and Morality 554 Peter Singer 58 Famine Relief and the Ideal Moral Code [W] 563 John Arthur 59 Eradicating Systemic Poverty: Brief for a Global Resources Dividend [R] 571 Thomas W. Pogge 60 Feeding People versus Saving Nature [R] 583 Holmes Rolston III Environment 592 61 The Value of Nature [NW] 594 Ronald Sandler 62 A Place for Cost-Benefit Analysis [R] 602 David Schmidtz 63 Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments 611 Thomas E. Hill, Jr. 64 A Perfect Moral Storm: Climate Change, Intergenerational Ethics, and the Problem of Moral Corruption [NR] 620 Stephen M. Gardiner War, Terrorism, and Reconciliation 631 65 Is the War on Terrorism a Defense of Civilization? [N] 634 Stephen Nathanson 66 Just War Doctrine and the Military Response to Terrorism [R] 640 Joseph Boyle 67 Nipping Evil in the Bud: The Questionable Ethics of Preventive Force [W] 649 Douglas P. Lackey 68 The Justifiability of Humanitarian Intervention [R] 658 Charles R. Beitz 69 Pacifism: Reclaiming the Moral Presumption [W] 666 William J. Hawk 70 Political Reconciliation [NR] 675 Colleen Murphy
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Review Text

"A superb and thoughtfully edited collection of ethical writing, both theoretical and applied, containing timeless classics (many revised) and timely contemporary essays on important practical topics."
David Archard, Queen's University Belfast"Hugh Lafollette, a leading ethicist who is known (and valued) in particular for his contributions to practical ethics, has done a superb job selecting papers for this important anthology."
Christopher Heath Wellman, Washington University in St. Louis
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About Hugh LaFollette

Hugh LaFollette is Marie E. and Leslie Cole Professor in Ethics at the University of South Florida St. Petersburg. He is editor-in-chief of The International Encyclopedia of Ethics (2013, Wiley-Blackwell), author of three books, including The Practice of Ethics (2007) and editor of six more, in ethics. Most of his published essays have been in ethics, political philosophy, and the philosophy of law.
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