The Ethics of Judaism; Sanctification of Life the Aim of Morality Volume 2

The Ethics of Judaism; Sanctification of Life the Aim of Morality Volume 2

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1901 edition. Excerpt: the latter cases. The original' Biblical concept, though embracing a va S riety of shades of meaning, was thought as a unit, and therefore expressed in a single word. Gradually the characteristics and elements entering into the concept make their appearance, and are differentiated and specialized in their application to persons, conditions, and peculiar phases of intercourse among men. At this point it is that the legislative work of the Talmud sages asserts itself. The first sentence deals explicitly with buying and selling. In these transactions, the parties concerned are warned, lo thonii, do not defraud each other, do not do each other hurt. In the two Biblical verses connecting the two passages now under discussion, the Torah illustrates what is meant by fraud. The verses preceding our first passage (Lev. 25:8-13) are a description of the year of the jubilee, in which all real estate returns to the original owner, np matter how he may have disposed of it by sale. Strictly speaking, then, the sale of a piece of land was only a lease: "According to the number of years after the jubilee thou shalt buy of thy neighbor, and according unto the number of years of the crops he shall sell unto thee. According to the multitude of the years thou shalt increase the price thereof, and according to the fewness of the years thou shalt diminish the price of it; for the number of the crops doth he sell unto thee" (Lev. 25: 15-16). Keeping this example in mind, the Talmud defines fraud (injury, lacsio) in general terms as an undue discrepancy between the real value of the object bought or sold and the price paid for it. From this primary principle, a lengthy series of legal provisions is deduced. They cannot be stated here in detail, for they...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 52 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 3mm | 109g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236501837
  • 9781236501837