Ethical Insights

Ethical Insights : A Brief Introduction

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Description

This is a brief, accessible, affordable supplement for any applied ethics course. The text covers eight ethical theories, with each chapter focusing on a key ethical insight that helps establish moral guidelines to solve ethical problems.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 208 pages
  • 152.4 x 228.6 x 15.24mm | 317.51g
  • McGraw-Hill Education - Europe
  • Mayfield Publishing Co ,U.S.
  • United States
  • English
  • Revised
  • 2nd Revised edition
  • 0767420187
  • 9780767420181

Table of contents

Preface 1. An Introduction to Ethics and Ethical Theories Ethics, Theoretical Ethics, and Applied Ethics / Alternative Sources of Solutions / Ethical Theories / Evaluating Ethical Theories / Some Traditional Assumptions of Ethical Theories / Basic Themes Associated with Ethics 2. The Divine Command Theory The Divine Command Theory / Justifications for the Ethical Standard and Strengths of the Theory / Divine Commands, Human Freedom, and Morally Significant Actions / The Divine Command Theory and the Traditional Ethical Assumptions / The Divine Command Theory and the Basic Ethical Themes / Problems with the Divine Command Theory 3. Ethical Relativism One Version of Ethical Relativism / Ethical Relativism and Tolerance / Justification for the Ethical Standard and Related Strengths of the Theory / Determining Morally Significant Actions / Ethical Relativism and the Traditional Ethical Assumptions / Ethical Relativism and the Four Basic Ethical Themes / Contrasting Ethical Relativism with Divine Command Theory / Problems with Ethical Relativism 4. Ethical Egoism and Ethical Subjectivism Ethical Egoism / Justifications for the Ethical Standard and Strengths of the Theory / Morally Significant Actions / Ethical Egoism and the Traditional Ethical Assumptions / Ethical Egoism and the Basic Ethical Themes / Contrasting Ethical Egoism with Ethical Relativism / Problems with Ethical Egoism / The Evaluation of Ethical Egoism / Ethical Subjectivism / Emotivism / Emotivism as an Ethical Theory / Justifications for the Ethical Standard and Strengths of the Theory / Morally Significant Actions / The Emotive Ethical Theory and the Traditional Ethical Assumptions / The Emotive Ethical Theory and the Four Basic Ethical Themes / Contrasting the Emotive Ethical Theory with Ethical Egoism / Problems with the Emotive Ethical Theory / Evaluation of the Emotive Ethical Theory 5. Kantian Ethical Theory Rules and Action / Developing the Kantian Ethical Insight / Rational Beings, Persons and Moral Laws / The Ethical Standard of Kantian Ethics / Legitimate Moral Laws / Justification of the Ethical Standard and Strengths of the Theory / Determining Morally Significant Actions / Kantian Ethics and the Traditional Ethical Assumptions / Kantian Ethics and the Basic Ethical Themes / Contrasting Kantian Ethics with Ethical Egoism / Problems with Kantian Ethics 6. Act and Rule Utilitarianism Act Utilitarianism and Ethical Egoism / Utilitarianism / Jeremy Bentham and Act Utilitarianism / Act Utilitarian Calculations / Justification of the Ethical Standard and Strengths of the Theory / Determining Morally Significant Actions / Act Utilitarianism and the Traditional Ethical Assumptions / Act Utilitarianism and the Basic Ethical Themes / Contrasting Act Utilitarianism with the Kantian Ethical Theory / Problems with Act Utilitarianism / Mill's Utilitarianism / Mill and Moral Rules / Mill's Idea of Justice / Two Problems with Mill's Version of Utilitarianism / Rule Utilitarianism 7. The Moral Rights Theory What are Moral Rights? / Another View of Moral Rights: Entitlement Rights / Who Has Moral Rights? / Basic Rights / Justification of the Ethical Standard and Strengths of the Theory / Determining Morally Significant Actions / Moral Rights and the Traditional Ethical Assumptions / Moral Rights and the Basic Ethical Themes / Contrasting Moral Rights with Act Utilitarianism / Problems with the Theory 8. Virtue Ethics Virtue Ethics, Well-Being, and Reasoning / Intellectual Virtues / Moral Virtues and Vices / The Ethical Person / Justification of the Ethical Standard and Strengths of the Theory / Determining Morally Significant Actions / Virtue Ethics and the Traditional Ethical Assumptions / Virtue Ethics and the Basic Ethical Themes / Contrasting Virtue Ethics with Moral Rights Theory / Problems with Virtue Ethics 9. The Ethic of Care The Background to Noddings' Theory / Natural and Ethical Caring / The Ethical Ideal and the Ethical Standard / The Limit of Ethical Caring and Morally Significant Actions / Justification for the Ethical Standard and Strengths of the Theory / The Ethics of Care and the Traditional Ethical Assumptions / The Ethics of Care and the Basic Ethical Themes / Contrasting the Ethics of Care and Virtue Ethics / Problems with the Ethic of Care / Feminine and Feminist Ethics 10.A Pluralistic View of Ethics Ethics and Relationships / Family and Friends / Colleagues, Teammates, and Members of Organizations / Relationships with Members of the Same Ethnic Group, Gender, or Nation / Relationships with People as "Persons" / Conflicting Moral Obligations / Misguided Purposes or Goals Appendix 1 Appendix 2 Index At the end of each chapter: Conclusion Questions for Review Notesshow more

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