Essentials of History, and Historical Chart System

Essentials of History, and Historical Chart System

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1913 edition. Excerpt: ...9. Would a strong central government have been a greater or less advantage to monasticism? What was the dominant political system of that time? 10. When did the influence of monasticism begin to decline? The Rena1ssance. Anything like a full statement of the facts relative to the learning, literature and art of this period would be quite aside from the plan and scope of this volume. On the other hand it lies within the realm of our purpose to note the relation of this great moment to what preceded and what followed, and thus grasp its historic significance. /. Early and Later Learning. From our study of Greece and Rome we saw, especially in the case of the former, the intellectual civilization that was developed. When these nations declined so did the culture which they created. When Rome fell instead of a new great state with an influential civilization following it to give these things a new impulse, the conquerors were barbarians, whose dominant interest was conquest. Under these conditions and the prevailing ignorance the intellectual and aesthetic civilization of Greece and Rome practically passed away. 1. Scholasticism. In the disappearance of schools, learning was confined almost entirely to the monks, and kept within the cloister. We have seen in a former study the new impulse given to learning by Charlemagne and his schools. The second impulse was given by scholasticism. The object of this new movement was to secure conformity of faith to reason, i. e., to furnish a rational and logical basis for the world-order consistently with church doctrines. From the ninth to the latter part of the twelfth century such Schoolmen as Eregina, Gerbert, Lafranc and Abelard developed this theological scholasticism. The latter was the leading...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 84 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 4mm | 168g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236818768
  • 9781236818768