Essential Forensic Biology

Essential Forensic Biology

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Description

This book is an introduction to the application of biology in legal investigations. Fully revised and updated throughout, the second edition of this highly successful textbook offers an accessible overview to the essentials of the subject providing a balanced coverage of the range of organisms used as evidence in forensic investigations; invertebrates, vertebrates, plants and microbes.
The book provides an overview of the decay process and discusses the role of forensic indicators human fluids and tissues, including blood cells, bloodstain pattern analysis, hair, teeth, bones, and wounds. It also examines the study of forensic biology in cases of suspicious death.


The coverage of molecular techniques has been expanded throughout with additional material on bioterrorism and wildlife forensics now included. The use of DNA and RNA for the identification of individuals and their personal characteristics is now covered along with a discussion of the ethical issues associated with the maintenance of DNA databases.


Fully revised and updated new edition of this highly successful textbook.


Includes self-assessment questions at the end of each chapter and case studies.


Now in full colour throughout.


Includes a supplementary website (www.wileyeurope.com/college/gunn) covering additional material and self-test questions to reinforce student understanding.



From the reviews of the first edition:


"The author does an excellent job of demonstrating how biological science can, and does, contribute to legal investigations " THE QUARTERLY REVIEW OF BIOLOGY


" a super book not a book that will languish on library shelves. Buy it!" JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL EDUCATION


" naturalists and biologists will find much of interest within these books new light on the application of their own specialism..." THE NATURALIST


"Overall, I give it my highest recommendation. I was unable to find a single paragraph that was no fascinating, despite being sad or gruesome at times." E-STREAMS
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Product details

  • Paperback | 436 pages
  • 167.64 x 241.3 x 22.86mm | 861.82g
  • Wiley-Blackwell
  • Hoboken, United States
  • English
  • 2nd Edition
  • 0470758031
  • 9780470758038
  • 191,014

Back cover copy

Essential Forensic Biology, Second Edition is an introduction to the application of biology in legal investigations. Fully revised and updated throughout, the second edition of this highly successful textbook offers an accessible overview to the essentials of the subject providing a balanced coverage of the range of organisms used as evidence in forensic investigations; invertebrates, vertebrates, plants and microbes.

The book provides an overview of the decay process and discusses the role of forensic indicators - human fluids and tissues, including blood cells, bloodstain pattern analysis, hair, teeth, bones, and wounds. It also examines the study of forensic biology in cases of suspicious death.



The coverage of molecular techniques has been expanded throughout with additional material on bioterrorism and wildlife forensics now included. The use of DNA and RNA for the identification of individuals and their personal characteristics is now covered along with a discussion of the ethical issues associated with the maintenance of DNA databases.



- Fully revised and updated new edition of this highly successful textbook.



- Includes self-assessment questions at the end of each chapter and case



studies throughout.



- Now in full colour throughout and includes a supplementary website



(www.wileyeurope.com/college/gunn) covering additional material



and self-test questions to reinforce student understanding.



Reviews of the First Edition



"The author does an excellent job of demonstrating how biological science can, and does, contribute to legal investigations..."



(The Quarterly Review of Biology, March 2007)



..".a super book ...not a book that will languish on library shelves. Buy it!"



(Journal of Biological Education, Spring 2007)



..".naturalists and biologists will find much of interest within these books...new light on the application of their own specialism..."



(The Naturalist, 2007)
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Table of contents

Contents
Acknowledgements


Introduction


PART A: HUMAN REMAINS: DECAY, DNA, TISSUES AND FLUIDS


Chapter One: The decay, discovery and recovery of human bodies


The dead body


The stages of decomposition


Factors affecting the speed of decay


Discovery and recovery of human remains


Determining the age and provenance of skeletonized remains


Future developments


Chapter Two: Body fluids and waste products


Blood cells and blood typing


Methods for detecting blood


Confirming the presence of blood


Bloodstain pattern analysis


Artificial blood


Post mortem toxicological analysis of blood


Saliva and semen


Vitreous humor


Faeces and urine as forensic indicators


Future directions


Chapter Three: Molecular biology


The structure of DNA


DNA sampling


DNA profiling


Polymerase chain reaction


Short tandem repeat markers


Single nucleotide polymorphism markers


Determination of ethnicity


Determination of physical appearance


Determination of personality traits


Mobile element insertion polymorphisms


Mitochondrial DNA


RNA


DNA databases


Future developments


Chapter Four: Human tissues


The outer body surface


Hair


Bones


Teeth


Future developments


Chapter Five: Wounds


Definitions


Blunt force injuries


Sharp force traumas


Bone damage


Additional aspects of wound interpretation


Asphyxia


Pathology associated with drug use


Gunshot wounds


Bite marks


Burns and scalds


Ageing of wounds


Post mortem injuries


Future developments


PART B: INVERTEBRATES AND VERTEBRATES


Chapter Six: Invertebrates 1: biological aspects


An introduction to invertebrate biology


Invertebrates as forensic indicators in cases of murder or suspicious death


Invertebrates as a cause of death


Invertebrates as forensic indicators in cases of neglect and animal welfare


The role of invertebrates in food spoilage and hygiene litigation


The illegal trade in invertebrates


Invertebrate identification techniques


Future directions


Chapter Seven: Invertebrates 2: practical aspects


Calculating the PMI/time since infestation from invertebrate development rates


Complicating factors affecting earliest oviposition date calculations


Determination of the PMI using invertebrate species composition


Determination of the PMI using ectoparasites


Determination of movement from invertebrate evidence


Invertebrate evidence in cases of wound myiasis and neglect


Detection of drugs, toxins and other chemicals in invertebrates


Obtaining human/vertebrate DNA evidence from invertebrates


Determining the source and duration of invertebrate infestations of food products


Collecting invertebrates for forensic analysis


Killing and preserving techniques for invertebrates


Future directions


Chapter Eight: Vertebrates


Introduction


Vertebrate scavenging of human corpses


Vertebrates causing death and injury


Neglect and abuse of vertebrates


Vertebrates and drugs


Vertebrates and food hygiene


Illegal trade and killing of protected species of vertebrates


Identification of vertebrates


Future directions


PART C: PROTISTS, FUNGI, PLANTS AND MICROBES


Chapter Nine: Protists, fungi and plants


Introduction


Protists


Fungi


Plants


Plant secondary metabolites as sources of drugs and poisons


Illegal trade in protected plant species


Future directions


Chapter Ten: Bacteria and viruses


Introduction


The role of microorganisms in the decomposition process


Microbial profiles as identification tools


Microbial infections and human behaviour


Microbial infections that can be mistaken for signs of criminal activity


The use of microorganisms in bioterrorism


Future directions


References


Index
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Review Text

Aus Rezensionen der ersten Auflage:
"Dem Autor gelingt es hervorragend zu zeigen, inwieweit die Biowissenschaften einen Beitrag zu juristischen Untersuchungen leistete und leistet. ?" THE QUARTERLY REVIEW OF BIOLOGY
"... Ein tolles Buch ... Das wird nicht lange in Bibliotheksregalen herumstehen. Kaufen!" JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL EDUCATION
"... Eine Fundgrube für Naturforscher und Biologen ? wirft ein neues Licht auf die Anwendung des eigenen Spezialgebiets. ..." THE NATURALIST
"Insgesamt kann ich dieses Buch wärmstens Empfehlen. Ich habe keinen einzigen Abschnitt gefunden, der nicht faszinierend ist, auch wenn von Zeit zu Zeit Trauriges oder Grausames beschrieben wird. " E-STREAMS "Throughout the book there are many excellent diagrams and charts.The book is also very well illustrated with colour photographs toexplain and expound the given subject. The collation of thesephotographs must have been in itself a mammoth task." ( RobJerrard , May 2010)

"If it is entomology you are interested in, this is the book foryou." ( Australian Biochemist , April 2010)
"Gunn presents an introductory textbook on the application ofbiological science in legal investigations." ( Book News ,September 2009)
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Review quote

"Throughout the book there are many excellent diagrams and charts. The book is also very well illustrated with colour photographs to explain and expound the given subject. The collation of these photographs must have been in itself a mammoth task." (Rob Jerrard, May 2010) "If it is entomology you are interested in, this is the book for you." (Australian Biochemist, April 2010) "Gunn presents an introductory textbook on the application of biological science in legal investigations." (Book News, September 2009)
show more

Rating details

21 ratings
4.19 out of 5 stars
5 52% (11)
4 19% (4)
3 24% (5)
2 5% (1)
1 0% (0)
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