An Essay Upon Civil Government

An Essay Upon Civil Government

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1722 edition. Excerpt: ... Natural Government; fince the Seditions of Aristocracy, and the Corruptions of DemoCracy, caufe us equally to return to the Unity of the Supreme Power in one Perfon.' The Opinion of D A R I U S was approved, and the Government of P E Rs i A became Monarchical. We may conclude from the Difcourfes of thefe Sages of Antiquity, that all the different Forms of Government are fubject to the Tame Abufes of of the Sovereign Authority. Thefe Abufes are not found altogether in the Government of a fingle Perfon; the Epkori of Sparta, the Decern Viri of Rome, and the Sujfetes of Carthage, were no lefs cruel and barbarous than Nero and C A 11 G u t A. The Democracy of Athens, after L Y s An D E R, when the thirty Tyrants, which he had eftabliihed, had aifociated to their Council three thoufand more, (a) is fuch a Tyranny, which fhocks Humanity, and a Maflacre continually before out Eyes of the beft Citizens and Subjects. The Treatment which the fame Common-wealth gave toMlLTIADES, Aristides Themistoclbs and Pericles, their beft Generals, and moil faithful Friends, denotes how far the furious and blind People may be tyrannical. Factions, Cabals, Intrigues, and Elections, very often, if not always, render the Government of the People as Uujuft, Violent, and Defpotick, as that of the moft Arbitrary Monarch. We muf t certainly be ignorant of Humane Nature, and be ignorant in all Hiflory, not to know, that whole Societies are fubjectto the fame Caprice, the fame Miftakes, and the fame Paifions as fingle Perfons. thac ra) Xenephon de Rebus Graecis. But in Popular Government, every one hopes to be a Tyrant in his turn, according as he influences his Admirers. The Defpotifm of a fingle Man, 1$, without doubt, a very great Evil; but Anarchy it ftill a much more

Product details

  • Paperback | 38 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 86g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236657403
  • 9781236657404