Environmental Modeling with GIS

Environmental Modeling with GIS

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This book, based on an international conference held in 1991, is aimed at those with Geographic Information Systems (GIS) experience who need to know more about environmental modelling, and at environmental modellers who want to know more about GIS, its advantages, and its problems. The first part of the book describes the state of the art in GIS, environmental modelling, spatial statistics, and spatial databases. The second part reviews the state of integration in each of the major "process" areas, ranging from atmospheric to subsurface. Each section includes an overview chapter and case studies. This book will be useful to planners, academic reearchers, environmental consultants, and as a text for advanced GIS courses.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 512 pages
  • 220.98 x 276.86 x 33.02mm | 1,700.96g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 8 pp colour plates, numerous line figures, tables
  • 0195080076
  • 9780195080070

Table of contents

PART I: SIX INTRODUCTORY PERSPECTIVES; 1. Environmental Research: What We Must Do; 2. The State of GIS for Environmental Problem-Solving; 3. A Perspective on the State of Environmental Simulation Modeling; 4. The Need for Integration; 5. GIS and Environmental Modeling; 6. The Role of Software Vendors in Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling; PART II: GIS FOR MODELERS; Introduction; 7. Cartographic Modeling: The Analytical Capabilities of GIS; 8. Understanding the Scope of GIS: Its Relationship to Environmental Modeling; 9. Data Models and Data Quality: Problems and Prospects; PART III: ENVIRONMENTAL SIMULATION MODELING; Introduction; IIIA: ATMOSPHERIC MODELING; 10. Atmospheric Modeling and Its Spatial Representation of Land Surface Characteristics; 11. An Approach to Bridge the Gap Between Microscale Land-Surface Processes and Synoptic-Scale Meteorological Conditions Using Atmospheric Models and GIS: Potential for Applications in Agriculture; 12. Land Surface Data: Global Climate Modeling Requirements; 13. Regional Air Quality and Acid Deposition Modeling and the Role for Visualization; IIIB: HYDROLOGICAL MODELING; 14. GIS and Hydrologic Modeling; 15. Integrated Use of a GIS and 3-Dimensional, Finite-Element Model: San Gabriel Basin Groundwater Flow Analyses; 16. Effects of Climate Change on Water Resources in the Gunnison River Basin, Colorado; 17. Linkage of a GIS to a Distributed Rainfall-Runoff Model; 18. Graphical Innovations in Surface Water Flow Analysis; IIIC: LAND SURFACE-SUBSURFACE PROCESS MODELING; 19. GIS and Land Surface-Subsurface Modeling; 20. A Spatial Decision Support System for Modeling and Managing Agricultural Non-Point Source Pollution; 21. Use of 3D Geographic Information Systems in Hazardous Waste Site Investigations; IIID: BIOLOGICAL/ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS MODELING; 22. Spatial Models of Ecological Systems and Processes: The Role of GIS; 23. Integrating a Forest Growth Model with a Geographic Information System; 24. Combining Ecological Modeling, GIS and Expert Systems: A Case Study of Regional Fish Species Richness Model; 25. Introduction to Quantitative Methods and Modeling in Community, Population and Landscape Ecology; IIIE: INTEGRATED MODELING; 26. Spatial Interactive Models of Atmosphere/Ecosystem Coupling; 27. A Brief Review of the Simple Biosphere Model (SiB); 28. Regional Hydro-Ecological Simulation System (RHESSys): An Illustration of the Integration of Ecosystem Models in a GIS; 29. Simulation of Rangeland Production: Future Applications in Systems Ecology; PART IV: FROM MODELING TO POLICY; Introduction; IVA: RISK AND HAZARD MODELING; 30. GIS and Risk: A Three Culture Problem; 31. Spatial Analysis in GIS for Hazard Assessment; 32. The Use of GIS in Assessing Exposure and Remedial Alternatives at Superfund Sites; 33. US EPA Region 6 Comparative Risk Project: Evaluating Ecological Risk; IVB: ROLE OF MODELING IN POLICY; 34. Models, Facts and the Policy Process: The Political Ecology of Estimated Truth; PART V: SPATIAL DATABASE RESOURCES; Introduction; 35. Spatial Databases: Sources and Issues; 36. What is a Scientific Database? Design Considerations for Global Characterization in the NOAA-EPA Global Ecosystems Database Project; 37. Experimental AVHRR Land Datasets for Environmental Monitoring and Modeling; 38. Digital Soils Databases for the United States; 39. Development of a Continent-Wide Digital Elevation Model (DEM) With Applications to Terrain and Climate Analysis; PART VI: SPATIAL STATISTICS (CO-EDITED WITH D. WHITE AND N. CRESSIE); Introduction; 40. Spatial Statistical Analysis of Environmental and Ecological Data; 41. Geostatistics: A Tool for Environmental Modelers; 42. Explanatory Models for Ecological Response Surfaces; 43. Spatial Simulation: Environmental Applications; 44. GRASS Used in the Geostatistical Analysis of Lakewater Data form the Eastern Lake Survey, Phase I; 45. Universal Kriging for Ecological Data; 46. Discrete Space Auto-Regressive Models; 47. Probability Sampling and Population Inference in Monitoring Programs; Epilogueshow more

Review quote

"Illustrates the range of environmental simulation models, levels of integration, and future uses." --Geotimes"A 'must' for anyone with even a passing interest in GIS and environmental modeling. In a volume of this scope there is bound to be something for everyone. Buy it, read it, use it." --Geographical Review"There are several features of this book worth mentioning. A complete listing of affiliations and addresses of contributing authors is very helpful for contact and discussion. Uniform numbering sequence of chapters, figures, plates and equations is an advantage over the style used in many books....Keeping original references at the end of each chapter (paper) while unifying the referencing style across the book is a good judgment that gives a better linkage with the contents....Covers much in GIS and environmental modeling....It is well related to the atmospheric and hydrological sciences." --Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society"The editors did a good job of grouping the papers and providing or commissioning introductory discussions for each part. . .a useful addition to the libraries of GIS users. . .a valuable supplement for students." --Journal of Regional Science"While this book is not an all-purpose 'How To' manual, those seeking to understand and apply GIS methods will find it of considerable conceptual and practical value. . .Health scientists also should appreciate the case study chapters that address rangeland production, agricultural pollution, and hazardous waste sites."--Preventive Veterinary Medicineshow more

About Michael F. Goodchild

Michael F. Goodchild is Professor of Geography at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and Director, National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis. He was Editor of Geographical Analysis between 1987 and 1990 and has served as Chair of the GIS Specialty Group of the Association of American Geographers. Dr. Bradley O. Parks is GIS Coordinator for Great Lakes Research at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Large Lakes Research Station, Grosse Ile, MI. Dr. Louuis T. Steyaert is a research physical scientist within the National Mapping Division of the U.S. Geological Survey.show more

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