Environmental Microbiology

Environmental Microbiology : A Laboratory Manual

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Description

Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual is designed to meet the diverse requirements of upper division and graduate-level laboratory sessions in environmental microbiology. The experiments introduce students to the activities of various organisms and the analyses used to study them. The book is organized into three thematic sections: Soil Microbiology, Water Microbiology, and Environmental Biotechnology. The first section includes experiments on the soil as a habitat for microorganisms, and introduces the main types of soil microorganisms, how they interact with the soil, and the techniques used in their analysis. Experiments in the second section cover assays of microbial pathogens--bacteria, viruses, and protozoan parasites--used in food and water quality control as well as an exercise in applied bioremediation of contaminants in water. The final section on biotechnology includes applications of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the detection of bacteria and the use of enrichment cultures and a computer-based, physiological test bank to isolate and identify a bacterium useful in bioremediation. Designed for maximum versatility and ease of use for both the student and instructor, each experiment is self-contained and includes theoretical, practical, and pedagogical material.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 232 pages
  • 213.36 x 276.86 x 10.16mm | 521.63g
  • Academic Press Inc
  • San Diego, United States
  • English
  • 2nd edition
  • Illustrated; Illustrations, unspecified
  • 0125506562
  • 9780125506564
  • 1,538,773

Review quote

"I...would strongly recommend this laboratory manual for any environmental microbiology course (at the undergraduate/graduate level)." - Hanan El-Mayas, Georgia State University

"[The manual] provides a very good introduction to a variety of approaches used to assess microorganisms in the environment." - Deborah T. Newby, Idaho National Laboratory

"I thank the authors for making this information available to the many scientists and technicians who will benefit from it." - M.B. Kirkham, Kansas State University and author of Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations
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Table of contents

Preface
Basic Protocols
Experiment 1 - Dilution and Plating of Bacteria and Growth Curves
Experiment 2 - Soil Moisture Content Determination
Examination of Soil Microorganisms via Microscopic and Cultural Assays
Experiment 3 - Contact Slide Assay
Experiment 4 - Filamentous Fungi
Experiment 5 - Bacteria and Actinomycetes
Experiment 6 - Algae: Enumeration by MPN
Microbial Transformations and Response to Contaminants
Experiment 7 - Oxidation of Sulfur in Soil
Experiment 8 - Dehydrogenase Activity of Soils
Experiment 9 - Nitrification and Denitrification
Experiment 10 - Enrichment and Isolation of Bacteria that Degrade 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid
Experiment 11 - Adaptation of Soil Bacteria to Metals
Experiment 12 - Biodegradation of Phenol Compounds
Experiment 13 - Assimilable Organic Matter
Experiment 14 - Biochemical Oxygen Demand
Water Microbiology
Experiment 15 - Membrane Filter Technique
Experiment 16 - Bacteriological Examination of Water: the Coliform MPN Test
Experiment 17 - Detection of Bacteriophages
Experiment 18 - Film Medium for the Detection of Coliforms in Water, Food, and on Surfaces
Experiment 19 - Defined Substrate Technology for the Detection of Coliforms and Fecal Coliforms
Advanced Topics
Experiment 20 - Detection of Enteric Viruses in Water
Experiment 21 - Detection of Waterborne Parasites
Experiment 22 - Kinetics of Disinfection
Experiment 23 - Aerobiology: Sampling of Airborne Microorganisms
Experiment 24 - Detection and Identification of Bacteria via PCR and Subsequent BLAST Analysis of Amplified Sequences
Appendix 1: Preparation of Media and Stains for Each Experiment
Appendix 2: Glossary
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About Ian L. Pepper

Dr. Ian Pepper is currently a Professor at the University of Arizona. He is also Director of the University of Arizona, Environmental Research Laboratory (ERL) and the NSF Water and Environmental Technology (WET) Center. Dr. Pepper is an environmental microbiologist specializing in the molecular ecology of the environment. His research has focused on the fate and transport of pathogens in air, water, soils and wastes. His expertise has been recognized by membership on six National Academy of Science Committees and former memberships on an EPA FIFRA Science and Advisory Panel. Dr. Pepper is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Academy of Microbiology, the Soil Science Society of America, and the American Society of Agronomy. He is also a Board Certified Environmental Scientist within the American Academy of Environmental Engineers and Scientists. He is the author or co-author of six textbooks; 40 book chapters; and over 180 peer-review journal articles. Dr. Charles P. Gerba is a Professor at the University of Arizona. He conducts research the transmission of pathogens through the environment. His recent research encompasses the transmission of pathogens by water, food and fomites; fate of pathogens in land applied wastes; development of new disinfectants; domestic microbiology and microbial risk assessment. He has been an author on more than 500 articles including several books in environmental microbiology and pollution science. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Microbiology and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In 1998 he received the A. P. Black Award from the American Water Works Association for outstanding contributions to water science and in 1996 he received the McKee medal from the Water Environment Federation for outstanding contributions to groundwater protection. He received the 1999 Award of Excellence in Environmental Health from National Association of County and City Health Officials.
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