Preface; D. Siniscalco. Introduction; C. Carraro, D. Siniscalco. Part I: Theoretical Approaches to Environmental Fiscal Reforms. Environmental Taxation and the Double-Dividend: the Role of Factor Substitution and Capital Mobility; A.L. Bovenberg. Shifting Taxes from Value Added to Material Inputs; R. Repetto. Environmental Taxation and Employment in a Multi-Sector General Equilibrium Model; C. Carraro, A. Soubeyran. Environmental Policy, Tax Incidence and the Cost of Public Funds; J. Ligthart, F. van der Ploeg. Environmental Policy, Worker Moral Hazard and the Double Dividend Issue; J. Starnd. Part II: Empirical Assessments of Environmental Fiscal Reforms. Labour Market Institutions and the Double Dividend Hypothesis: An Application of the WARM Model; G. Brunello. The Double Dividend Hypothesis, Environmental Benefits and the International Coordination of Recycling Strategies; S. Proost, D. van Regemorter. Double Dividend Analysis: First Results of a General Equilibrium Model (GEM-E3) Linking the EU-12 Countries; P. Capros, et al. Employment, Wage Formation and Pricing in the European Union: Empirical Modelling of Environmental Tax Reform; T. Barker, B. Gardiner.