English Language

English Language

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1841 edition. Excerpt: ...German. In the Ancient German there was one. In the present Danish and Swedish there is no Dual. In the Old Norse and in the present Icelandic a Dual Number is to be found. From this we learn that the Dual Number is one of those Inflections that languages drop as they become Modern. The Numbers, then, in the present English are two, the Singular and the Plural. Over what extent of language have we a Plural? The Latins say, bonus pater, a good father; boni patres, good fathers. In the Latin, the Adjective bonus changes its form with the change of Number of the Substantive that it accompanies. In English it is only the Substantive that is changed. Hence we see that in the Latin language the Numbers were extended to Adjectives, whereas in English they are confined to the Substantives and Pronouns. Compared with the AngloSaxon, the present English is in the same relation as it is with the Latin. In the A. S. there were Plural forms for the Adjectives. (See 4.) For the forms selves and others, see Chap. VI. For the present, it is sufficient to foreshadow a remark which will be made on the word self, viz. that whether it be a Pronoun, a Substantive, or an Adjective, is a disputed point. Words like wheat, pitch, gold, &c. &c. where the idea is naturally Singular; words like bellows, scissars, lungs, Inc. where the idea is naturally Plural; and words like deer, sheep, where the same form serves for the Singular and Plural, inasmuch as there takes place no change of form, are not under the province of Etymology. 139. The current rule is, that the Plural Number is formed from the Singular by adding s, as father, fathers. However, if the reader will revert to the Section upon the Sharp and Flat Mutes, and to p. 168, where it is stated...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 110 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 6mm | 213g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236583957
  • 9781236583956