The English Factory Legislation

The English Factory Legislation

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1873 edition. Excerpt: ...hardware industry of Birmingham, embracing the production of almost all possible goods in copper, iron, gold, silver, steel, electro-plate, tin, bronze, &c., as well as in the locksmiths' and nailmakers' workshops of the Wolverhampton district and in the cutlery manufactories of Sheffield, the small-trade system is still practised to a large extent, thus, by the employment of children and long working hours, competing with the larger manufactories; so that small workshops and imperfect machinery naturally resulted in an irregular division of time and a longer day's work. Fatal lung diseases, caused by the inhalation of metal dust in non-ventilated workshops, moral depravity, and total ignorance of the generally underpaid youthful operatives, are the melancholy characteristics noticeable in these districts. Since the inquiry of 1842, there has indeed been some improvement, especially in the Wolverhampton district; but the replies to the questions of the Special Commissioners of 1863-1864 disclosed such total ignorance on the part of the children as can scarcely be imagined. Children of ten and upwards knew absolutely nothing of God, Jesus Christ, Queen, England, London, &c., or gave the most nonsensical answers. Rep. III. 108, 109; Rep. IV. 74. The knife-grinders in Sheffield in particular are suffering from the fine dust which, from the blade and the grinding-stone, enters the respiratory organs, and the mortality of these men amounts to thirteen in one thousand, which-is more than double the average rate of mortality in general. Rep. IV. 14. The employment of a ventilation-fan, which carries away the dust from the grinding-stone into a box, whence it is removed by the air, appears to be more

Product details

  • Paperback | 54 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 3mm | 113g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236806115
  • 9781236806116