English

English : Meaning and Culture

4.09 (22 ratings by Goodreads)
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Description

It is widely accepted that English is the first truly global language and lingua franca. Its dominance has even led to its use and adaptation by local communities for their own purposes and needs. One might see English in this context as being simply a neutral, universal vehicle for the expression of local thoughts and ideas. In fact, English words and phrases have embedded in them a wealth of cultural baggage that is invisible to most native speakers. Anna Wierzbicka, a distinguished linguist known for her theories of semantics, has written the first book that connects the English language with what she terms "Anglo" culture. Wierzbicka points out that language and culture are not just interconnected, but inseparable. This is evident to non-speakers trying to learn puzzling English expressions. She uses original research to investigate the "universe of meaning" within the English language (both grammar and vocabulary) and places it in historical and geographical perspective. For example, she looks at the history of the terms "right" and "wrong" and how with the influence of the Reformation "right" came to mean "correct." She examines the ideas of "fairness" and "reasonableness" and shows that, far from being cultural universals, they are in fact unique creations of modern English. This engrossing and fascinating work of scholarship should appeal not only to linguists and others concerned with language and culture, but the large group of scholars studying English and English as a second language.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 368 pages
  • 158 x 234 x 24mm | 480.81g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • Annotated
  • 0195174755
  • 9780195174755
  • 455,771

About Anna Wierzbicka

Anna Wierzbicka is Professor of Linguistics at Australian National University. She has an international reputation for her work on semantics, pragmatics, and cross-cultural linguistics. Other published works include What Did Jesus Mean? (OUP, 2001), Semantics, Culture, and Cognition (OUP, 1992), and Semantic Primitives, in which she is credited with establishing the Natural Semantic Metalanguage.show more

Review quote

...this is a great book, one which must be applauded. The strength of the book is to propose a kind of linguistics which takes into account the various, subtle, rich, and extremely interesting interactions between language and cultural scripts. Given that books like this are rare, the author deserves countless words of praise. * Studies in Language * This is a striking contribution to the history of English, and the history of ideas * Jonathan Hope, TLS * A great book, one which must be applauded. The strength of the book is to propose a kind of linguistics which takes into account the various, subtle, rich, and extremely interesting interactions between language and cultural scripts. Given that books like this are rare, the author deserves countless words of praise. * Alessandro Capone, Studies in Language *show more

Table of contents

PART I. MEANING, HISTORY AND CULTURE; PART II. ENGLISH WORDS, FROM PHILOSOPHY TO EVERYDAY DISCOURSE; PART III. ANGLO CULTURE REFLECTED IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR; PART IV. CONCLUSIONshow more

Rating details

22 ratings
4.09 out of 5 stars
5 41% (9)
4 36% (8)
3 18% (4)
2 0% (0)
1 5% (1)
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