Engineers and Engineering Volume 12

Engineers and Engineering Volume 12

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1895 edition. Excerpt: ...about three minutes difference in time. The average breadth of Peru, east and west is about 450 miles; length north and south about 1,000 miles; coast line on the Pacific, 1,700 miles; area, 12,000 square miles; estimated population, 3,000,000. The larger portion (probably 70 per cent.) are Indians; then the mixed races, say 20 per cent.; the rest are whites, mostly of Spanish descent. The Indians differ from those generally found in this country in appearance, language and mode of life. None of them lives by hunting; all work, and lately have furnished the unskilled labor for building the roads. The principal cities are Lima, 101,000 population; Callao, its seaport, and the principal port of the country, 34,000; Arequipa, the largest city in the south, has 29,000, and Cuzco, the ancient capital of the Incas, is said to have 18,000. The country has so few factories, taking them altogether, that less than one-half of 1 per cent. of the population is engaged in them, and it is safe to say that 99 per cent. are farmers or shepherds. The Andes range extends through the country from north to south; its crest and the coast line being roughly parallel, and from 75 to 150 miles apart. At the smaller distance the western mountain slopes reach the coast; when further off there are intermediate plains that have a slope of not less than 2 per cent. In three instances the range divides and forms interior basins, as shown; first, in the drainage flowing into Lake Titicaca; second, where the river breaks through to the west and flows into the Pacific, near Chimbote; and third, where the Tungurangua, running in the opposite direction, flows to the Amazon. These ranges are high; the lowest passes in them are over 14,000 feet above sea level, while more

Product details

  • Paperback | 116 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 6mm | 222g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236784138
  • 9781236784131