Energy Dissipation in Hydraulic Structures
The magnitude of turbulent energy that must be dissipated in hydraulic structures is enormous even in small rural and urban structures. For a small storm waterway discharging at a 4 m3/s mm high drop, the turbulent kinetic energy flux per unit time is 120 kW! At a large dam, the rate of energy dissipation can exceed tens to hundreds of gigawatts; that is, many times the energy production rate of nuclear power plants. Many engineers have never been exposed to the complexity of energy dissipator designs, to the physical processes taking place and to the structural challenges. Several energy dissipators, spillways and storm waterways failed because of poor engineering design. It is believed that a major issue affecting these failures was the lack of understanding of the basic turbulent dissipation processes and of the interactions between free-surface aeration and flow turbulence.
In that context, an authoritative reference book on energy dissipation in hydraulic structures is proposed here. The book contents encompass a range of design techniques including block ramps, stepped spillways, hydraulic jump stilling basins, ski jumps and impact dissipators.
- Hardback | 168 pages
- 172 x 248 x 16mm | 519.99g
- 05 Jun 2015
- Taylor & Francis Ltd
- CRC Press
- London, United Kingdom
Other books in this series
27 Jun 2013
05 Nov 2015
01 Jul 2007
04 Apr 2016
14 Sep 2017
Mixed media product
05 Jun 2015
28 May 2012
Mixed media product
30 Jan 1992
Table of contents
2. Energy dissipation at block ramps
S. Pagliara and M. Palermo
3. Stepped spillways and cascades
H. Chanson, D.B. Bung and J. Matos
4. Hydraulic jumps and stilling basins
H. Chanson and R. Carvalho
5. Ski jumps, jets and plunge pools
M. Pfister and A.J. Schleiss
6. Impact dissipators
B.P. Tullis and R.D. Bradshaw
7. Energy dissipation: Concluding remarks
In the reviewer's opinion, Energy Dissipation in Hydraulic Structures, edited by Hubert Chanson, is recommended reading for hydraulic engineers engaged in the design and maintenance of energy-dissipation devices. With some further polishing, this book could become the gold standard in the subject. This reviewer is left viewing hydraulic structures in a new, more awe-inspired light."
Book review by Alistair G.L. Borthwick in 'Engineering and Computational Mechanics' Vol. 170 (March 2017).
About Hubert Chanson
Hubert CHANSON is Professor in Hydraulic Engineering and Applied Fluid Mechanics at the University of Queensland since 1990. His research interests include design of hydraulic structures, experimental investigations of two-phase flows, coastal hydrodynamics, water quality modelling, environmental management and natural resources. In 1999 he was awarded a Doctor of Engineering from the University of Queensland for outstanding research achievements in gas-liquid bubbly flows.
Hubert CHANSON has been active also as consultant for both governmental agencies and private organisations. He is the main author of six books.
- The 13th Arthur Ippen award for outstanding achievements in hydraulic engineering (International Association of Hydraulic Engineering & Research)
- 2004 award for the best practice paper in the Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering (ASCE-EWRI)