Encyclopedia Britannica

Encyclopedia Britannica

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1910 edition. Excerpt: ...the time in which there was no occupant; and this term was frequently prolonged by Ihe king's action or inaction. The Je: s, until their expulsion, were an even more profitable class to the revenue. Being under the absolule comrol of the crown, they cuuld be taxed at pleasure, either by taking a percentage of their properly (re. in one case one-fourth), or by levies for alleged offences. The existence of a separate exchequer for the jews is a n Indication of their fiscal value. 1,5) Direct taxation formed an extraordinary or occasional head of revenue. The Danegtld was succeeded by thccarueage, and the commutation of mililary service introduced the scutage, bul these forms were of little immediate importance, though very significant for the future course of development. (6) Lastly come the dues claimed at Ibe ports, which contaia in germ the customs system of later times, though they rather resemble Ihe harbour charge of modern ports and were very trivial in amount. The history of the English financial system consists largely in the exhibition of the different fortunes of these several component parts of Ihe exchequer receipts; for it mutt be remembered that Ihe sheriff was bound to account to that tribunal for til that he should have received, and by this agency the local contributions passed into the king's potssion for the service of Uw Mite. During the century and a hail that lay between the Conquest and the granting of the Great Charter the account given above holds good. The character of the ruler affected the vigour of the fiscal, at well a the general, administration. Henry L anil Henry II. secured much belter result than Stephen or John; but the collection of the rent and profit of the royal manors and the feudal and other duos...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 1194 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 59mm | 2,082g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236912322
  • 9781236912329