Encyclopaedia Britannica, or a Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and Miscellaneous Literature, Vol. 2

Encyclopaedia Britannica, or a Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and Miscellaneous Literature, Vol. 2 : Enlarged and Improved (Classic Reprint)

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Excerpt from Encyclopaedia Britannica, or a Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and Miscellaneous Literature, Vol. 2: Enlarged and Improved A M E America. Lagly the region of the earth which feels the mofi fer vent heat, and is expofed to the unmitigated ardour of the torrid zone. But this fame wind, which brings fuch an acceflion of warmth to the countries lying between the river of Senegal and Caflraria, traverfes the Atlan tic ocean before it reaches the American lhore._ It is ccoledin its pallage over this val't body of' water and is felt as a refre'fh'ing gale along the coafls of Brahl and Guiana, endering thofe countries, though amongft the warmefl in America, temperate, when compared with thofe which lie oppofite to them in Africa. As this wind advances in its courfe acrofs America, it meets with immenfe plains covered with impenetrable forefis; or occupied by large rivers, marr'hes, and fiagnating wa ters, where it can recover no confiderable degree of heat. At length it arrives at the Andes, which run from north to fouth through the whole continent. In pafling over their elevated and frozen fummits, it is lo thoroughly cooled, that the'greater part of the countries b'eyond them hardly feel the ardour to which they fcom expofed by their fituation. In the other provinces of America, from Terra Firma wel'tward to the Mexican empire, the heat of the climate is tempered, in fome places, by the elevation of the land above the fee in others, by their extraordinary humidity; and in all, by the enormous mountains fcattered over this traet. The iflands of A merica in the torrid zone are either fmall or mountain ous, and are fanned alternately by refrefhing fea and land breezes. The caufes of the extraordinary cold towards the fouthern limits of America, and in the feas beyond it, cannot be afcertained in a manner equally fatisfying. It was long fuppofed, that a wall continent, difiinguilh ed by the name of Term Azgflra/ir Ineognzia, lay be tween 'the fouthern extremity of America and the ant arcticpole. The fame principles which account for the extraordinary degree of cold in the northern regions of Ame'rica, were employed in order to explain that'which is felt at Cape Horn and the adjacent countries. The immenfe extent 'of the fouthern continent, and the ri vers which it poured into the ocean, were mentioned and admitted by philolbphe'rs as caufes full'icient to occalion the unufual fenfation of cold, and the liill more uncom mon appearances of frozen fees in that region of the globe. But the. Imaginary continent to which fuch in fluence was afcr'ibed having been fearched for in vain, and the fpace which' it was fuppofed to occupy having been found to beian open new ccnjeelures mull be formed with refpecl-to the caufes of a. Temperature of climate, fo extremely dillerent from that which we ex perience in countries removed at the fame diltance from the oppolite pole. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.show more

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  • Paperback | 890 pages
  • 152 x 229 x 45mm | 1,166g
  • Forgotten Books
  • English
  • 166 Illustrations; Illustrations, black and white
  • 0243252684
  • 9780243252688